The president of the Provincial Council, Francisco Vázquez has signed today in Gomezserracín the renewal of the agreement with the Association for Phytosanitary Protection, represented by its president José Nieto Pinilla, for the development of actions aimed at the detection and identification of pathogens involved in the emerging diseases and their etiology in the carrot, onion and leek crops in Castilla y León, whose affection had caused estimated losses in the 30 percent of the productions. The agreement is also signed by the Diputación de Valladolid, and by Ávila, which this year joins the program.
In the signing, which took place in the cultural center of Gomezserracín, the local mayor, Laura del Río, was also present; the deputy of Prodestur, Magdalena Rodríguez; the head of the Agrarian Section of Prodestur, Ana Escorial; and several members of Asoprofit. After the rubric, all of them have moved to visit the Los Claveles vegetable garden and to see a field cultivated with leeks.
The needs raised by a group of producers as a result of the important decline in the phytosanitary status of crops in the last five years, with significant annual damage to production and especially in the case of leeks, with harvest conditions that reached 100% in many cases cases, they took the provincial institution, through Prodestur organism that is responsible for environmental control, to worry about the problem and shape their concerns.
The 80% of the surface of the affected leek is in Segovia. In the case of the carrot, it is the 50%, while in the onion it is more distributed between Segovia, Valladolid and Ávila. Hence, the Diputación de Segovia, which is in permanent contact with the Itacyl, is committed to the Association for Phytosanitary Protection to seek the collaboration of the councils of Avila and Valladolid.
From Prodestur was promoted and collaborated to form the association in order to coordinate the sector, raising an initial project idea with the aim of identifying the causes and etiology of emerging diseases and that this idea could serve in the search for agents or entities necessary to develop him.
Once the project was defined, Prodestur has coordinated the association's relations with the Provincial Councils of Segovia, Ávila and Valladolid, which is reflected in the collaboration agreement that was renewed this year and that involves the contribution of 4.500 euros for part of each provincial institution.
The association, created in 2015, is formed according to the latest data by 190 producers, 6 agricultural cooperatives, 10 agrifood industries, 1 seedbed and 1 processing industry and 1 manufacturer of finished products, which represent a surface area of around 1.600 hectares (Fight against The phytosanitary affections is one of the collective goals, since it optimizes the production and guarantees the quality of the product.
The relevance of carrot, onion and leek cultivation in the Community of Castile and Leon lies in the volume of production, being the first community in Spain in the production of carrots and leeks and the third in onion, in addition to the quality of the product recognized by foreign markets where it is exported with an upward trend.
The province of Segovia is the first producer of Castilla y León and nationally in the cultivation of carrots and leeks with a production of 75.600 tons and 37.700 tons respectively and the third in the cultivation of onions with a production of 12.240 tons.
In the specific case of El Carracillo, the Association brings together 80% of its producers and some 1.600 hectares. Nine are the Segovian municipalities belonging to that region: Chañe, Remondo, Chatún, Campo de Cuéllar, Gomezserracín, Sanchonuño, La Fresneda, Vallelado and Arroyo de Cuéllar.
The agreement extends to 2020 and every year it is revised and renewed. The provincial administrations contribute a total amount of 18.150 euros during the term of the agreement, while the Association disburses 3.500 euros in each year. The contribution of the association will cover field work such as: Identification of symptomatic fields, collection of samples, sending samples, etc. and cabinet work: sampling programming, analysis of results and preparation of reports, among others.
The contributions of the Provincial Councils will cover in full the necessary analyzes for the study of the etiology of emerging diseases, in carrot, leek and onion crops, and detection and identification of the pathogens involved.
These actions are encompassed in a larger project led by the Agricultural Technology Institute of Castilla y León (ITALCYL) which is intended in four years 1.396.798,80 euros and which is aimed at knowing the level of incidence of the disease in carrots, leek and onion by observing in the field of symptoms in plots of these crops, study the epidemiology, control of the disease and study the etiology of the disease, point in which lies the previous agreement.