The place where the current population of Coca is based hosted one of the most remarkable cities of our region in pre-Roman times. The ancient Cauca Vaccina was a site of exceptional importance that did not ignore Roman interests, until in the year 151 BC it was conquered and totally destroyed by Lucio Licinio Lucullus, who put the defenders to the sword.
Roman building of The Five Pipes (Los Cinco Caños)
It took Cauca to be rebuilt and, during the Roman civil wars, after being aligned on the side of Sertorio, it was again besieged and destroyed by Pompey's army in the year 74 AC
A more recent reference, in century IV, makes reference to a period of height of the city, since in this century it is born in Cauca who soon would be the emperor Teodosio the Great one.
The remains of the Roman building of Los Cinco Caños, located on the outskirts of the current town, tell us about the splendor of Coca. Archaeological excavations have discovered part of the structure of a building that is interpreted as a public fountain, a nymphaeum or building dedicated to the nymphs, aquatic divinities.
It consisted, in its origin, of an open patio, with columns, around which different rooms were opened. The interior of the building was finished with three semicircular apses and niches, and has preserved an interesting set of Roman wall paintings in good condition, in their original position.
These paintings present only geometric motifs and imitations of marble, although among the fragments recovered during the excavations and preserved in the Museum of Segovia human faces, fish and aquatic plants are identified, reasons that support the idea that the building was related to some cult or activity linked to water.
The remains of the Cinco Caños building are protected from the inclemency of time by a modern roof and have explanatory lecterns.
Access and conditions of visit
- It is reached following the road from Coca to Navas de Oro. Just cross the valley of the Eresma River, to 1km. scarce of the population, is located the sign that indicates the deposit.
- The visit is free