Archaeological Park of San Esteban and medieval Necropolis of San Martín
San Esteban Archaeological Park "A walk between life and death"
Archaeological excavations carried out outside the church of San Esteban provided the location of three different types of occupation in the same space: full-medieval necropolis, silos excavated underground and piles at different heights.
In the southeast area of the exterior of the temple, 39 anthropomorphic tombs were found excavated in the rock with a west-east orientation, the head to the west and the feet to the east, with the bodies placed in supine position and the forearms on the body. Six piles, some of brick factory, others of masonry and some semi-excavated in the rock, occupied a sloping space to facilitate the circulation of water from one to the other in order to facilitate the work of dyeing cloths, wool or fabrics, since that it would be a fulling mill or dry cleaner.
The subsoil of the archaeological site was completed by 14 silos excavated in the limestone loams and used as underground warehouses to conserve grain and other food products during the Middle Ages. The shape of these silos resembled a jar in order to facilitate the work of dyeing cloth, wool or fabric, since it would be a fulling mill or dry cleaner.
The subsoil of the archaeological site was completed by 14 silos excavated in the limestone loams and used as underground warehouses to conserve grain and other food products during the Middle Ages. The shape of these silos resembled a large jar. Size that in some cases was prolonged in depth to become water wells or snow wells.
In order to conserve the archaeological remains, the space was converted into an archaeological park, reproducing part of them above the original remains. Anthropomorphic tombs reproduce the shape and size of the original ones, some of them including copies similar to the limestone slabs that covered the burials. Part of the original silos can be seen under glass covers. Containing within it clothes, fabrics, wool, grain and tools representing everyday life in the Middle Ages. A snow pit completes this underground architecture.
Regarding the fulling mill or dry cleaner, three piles have been reproduced on the original ones, where you can imagine the different colored tints that each one would have.
Location: The archaeological park is located in the upper part of the citadel, next to the walled compound of the Puerta de San Martín, less than 500 meters east of the castle of Cuéllar.
Entrance: Public park with free visit
Medieval necropolis of San Martín
Archaeological excavation work carried out outside the south side of the church of San Martín de Cuéllar uncovered a funerary space with a total of thirty-three tombs, plus a dozen incomplete ones.
The most significant thing about this necropolis is that it is one of the few plenomedieval cemeteries with the majority of anthropomorphic tombs built with brick walls; since most often this type of tomb is excavated from the geological substrate.
The presence of several tombs covered with irregular limestone slabs has also been confirmed. Even some of these slabs would have been plastered and their holes covered with lime mortar to avoid leaks of earth and water. Among its general characteristics, the east-west alignment of the tombs, the presence of mixed children's and adult tombs, the significant density of burials that some overlapping tombs appear, possibly due to the interest they had in burying the closest ones, should be highlighted. possible to the church walls.
Regarding the presence of skeletal remains, practically most of the tombs appeared with their corresponding fines placed supine with their arms crossed over their thorax.
From the set of excavated necropolis, the best preserved area was selected so that it could be known by the public, creating several glass urns where you can see the original brick wall tombs with part of their stone slabs covering them next to the south apse of the church.