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Grajera

Grajera

With a population close to the 250 inhabitants, Grajera is one of the lower middle age towns of Castilla y León, since most of the neighbors are young.

The history of Grajera runs parallel to the one that follows the region of which it is a part. Grajera has its origin in the occupation by the Christian settlers of these lands that were under Muslim rule. The main stream of repobladores in Grajera could come from the Burgalesa zone, where is a depopulated one with the same name, in the term of Villandiego in Burgos. So the repobladores could bring the name of there.

In preserved documents dating from the year 1.247, the name of Grajera is mentioned and it is known that in its environment there was a depopulated area, known as Terradillos, which was absorbed by Grajera. Likewise, this documentation attests to the then existence of a fairly large population, "of 70 souls", comparing it with the other nearby populations. This increase in population was mainly due to an economy based on agricultural activities, specifically agriculture, especially the cultivation of wheat and rye.

In addition to this economic development, there was another cause that perhaps influenced the population increase; and is that Grajera, unlike other villages, may not require taxes to settle in their territory and did not claim taxes, which contributed to this demographic expansion.

Today the main activity of the town is tourism and services and to a lesser extent the agricultural-livestock sector and construction.

San Vitoria Church

Within our environment we can highlight the Church of San Vitores, located on the side of the town, isolated and with good visual perspectives both towards the temple and from it towards the dominant landscape.

The arrival, from a street at an angle, is discovering the clean and functional volumes of the building. It is a baroque-classicist construction of the late eighteenth century, of great compositional serenity from the square module and proportions 1: 1, 1: 2 and 1: 3.

It has a Latin cross plan, a single nave with two sections covered with a half-barrel vault with geometric plasterwork and arches with fajones on cajeadas pilasters and a simple entablature, a transept marked on the floor and the main chapel, all the pieces composed of regular squares. In the interior, focality towards the presbytery is privileged, rhythmically repeating spaces in continuity. The apse and arms of the transept are straight to the outside and inside they have an exedracubiertos floor with spherical caps. The cruise is covered with a vault of edges of eight helmets on scallops. Above, throughout the building, covered with simple wooden trusses roofed with mud and tiles and loading directly on the arches.

The tower, of ashlar masonry, presents two bodies, is of previous epoch, and is placed in square plant of the same size that the sections of the temple in the angle left free between the head and the north arm of the cruise and in its ground floor it has baptistery with access from the header. The lower body is blind and almost reaches the height of the cornice of the church. The upper one shows two loopholes for bells on each of its four fronts with the simple decoration of a flat impost at the height of the brine crossing the walls. It is crowned with a hipped roof topped by an iron cross. The access is verified by means of a wooden staircase. The jurisdictional roll rises next to the church. These constructions began to be realized at the end of century XIV. They represent the jurisdiction of a place on their own territory and justice was imparted with it. From the fifteenth century, they began to execute the penalties and punished criminals and criminals before the eyes of the neighbors. Hence, they also commonly receive the name Picota. On the outskirts of the town, next to the cemetery is the hermitage of San Roque.

Festivities

The festivities are the days 25, 26 and 27 of August in honor of our Saint San Vitores, whose festivity is the day 26 day in which a mass is celebrated in his honor where a very beautiful procession is carried out that is preceded by horses and the neighbors dance to the saint to the sound of the dulzainas throughout the tour. To finish, the sticks and the sweets that the neighbors of the town make with all their affection to give them to the saint are finished.

During those days people can enjoy many activities such as traditional costume contests, bowling and chito and most characteristic, our "Paseo Rodante" which consists of taking a walk through the streets of the town with bicycles or anything that has wheels and does not carry any type of motor, here the originality of the participants is the most characteristic and at the end of the activity a bicycle is drawn. You can also enjoy a popular paella, evenings with orchestras and many activities for all audiences.

It also continues to celebrate the feast of Santa Águeda on February 5 where women take command of the town, celebrate the Mass in honor of the Saint, dressed in regional costumes and having a good day all together.