Samboal is a municipality formed by the population centers that belong to the Community of Villa and Tierra de Cuéllar: Narros, located in the region of "Carracillo" and Samboal located in "Tierra de Pinares".
Two types of pine make up this immense forest mass: the stone pine tree (pinus pinea) and the pine resinero or negral (pinus pinaster). The first is the least abundant and supplies pine nuts to the collection companies of the region. The second is the most numerous and has been used for the extraction of resin that is transformed into the local industry (obtaining turpentine and rosin). The pine forest is the place of numerous animal species: hares, squirrels, dormice, badgers, wild boars, rabbits ... and also, all kinds of raptors (buzzards, kites, hawks, roadways, goshawks, kestrels ...), corvids (Magpies, ravens, rabbits) and other birds: pigeons, turtledoves, hoopoes, woodpeckers, chickadees, tits, climbers, shrikes, owls, owls ... Among the fauna now defunct we have to mention the wolves and deer as dwellers of the thick forests.
The vegetation consists of different varieties of poplar and poplar, but also fruit trees, ash trees and a multitude of bushes. Although it is on the slopes of the rivers, between the level of the poplars and the pines, where the plant variety is more variegated and surprising with deciduous varieties that take advantage of the abundance of water that, in the form of springs, flows from the pine forest to the rivers. The margins of the rivers are the place of the foxes, wild boars, rabbits, but also of the ducks, herons, robins, blackbirds, washerwomen, nightingales, kingfishers, goldfinches, rattlesnakes, bee-eaters, pteroceros, orioles ... that give These spaces have a unique sound and color.
Hiking Trail in Samboal:
It starts by taking the path of Fuente el Olmo that leaves Samboal at the northern end of the SG-342 road. As soon as we overcome the ships, we take the road on the left. Just before arriving at the cemetery, next to a small lagoon we take the road on the right. We go to the edge of the pine forest where the tops of some poplars stand out. We turn on the path on our left and when we reach a fork we continue through the pine trees on the path to the right. We leave on our left another branch of the road that comes from the cemetery and a large stone pine on our right.
We arrived at the bridge over the Pirón River and before crossing it we found a large stone pine on the right bank of the road to Fuente el Olmo, this centennial pine is representative of the graphic identity of this municipality. We cross the bridge leaving the asphalt by the road that goes out next to the fence of the recreational area. We advance to a new fork and from the two most marked tracks we take the one on the left. We pass an old peguera, while scarce rows of pines separate us from the fertile plain of Pirón. In a crossing of several rounds, we continue straight ahead. Without leaving the pine forest and without losing sight of the riverbank, we come to another fork and turn left.
A requiebro of the road approaches us to the willows and poplars of the bank and without moving away of them we arrived at the iron bridge. We crossed it with extreme caution and at the end of the fears removal we take the road that goes towards Samboal parallel to the road. We continue through it until it crosses the road leading us to the town where we entered from the south.
Core of Samboal:
- San Baudilio, the 20 of May is celebrated.
- Virgen del Carmen, the 16 of July is celebrated.
Nucleus of Narros:
- La Purísima, the December 8 is celebrated.
- San Marcos, the 25 of April is celebrated.
Parish Church of Samboal
The parish church of Samboal, together with San Andrés de Cuéllar, the maximum exponent of the brick architecture of Segovia. The beauty of its interior, in which the arches fajones generate a rhythm as of arc voltaic and the treatment of the interior chapels is unparalleled. It is in these chapels that one can perceive, in an absolute way, the degree of beauty achieved by a material as humble as brick and one can sense the possibilities that this architecture would have had if it had not collapsed with the Gothic.
The church is of a single very short nave, with an extraordinary headboard finished in a semicircular apse. The ship obeys in general lines, a Baroque reconstruction, but in its day was longer, as can be detached from the remains of the wall visible even in the gardens that are on the western facade.
It is possible that at the beginning, a church with three naves was planned, otherwise the open doors on the western wall of the chapels of the transept will not make sense. Another hypothesis would be the existence of two atriums on the north and south sides, which although uncommon in Romanesque Segovia, on whose eastern end would open the aforementioned chapels.
Once crossed the current cover appears the ship, wide and covered by a vault of half cannon. The ship is very clear, but the look is attracted by the presence of the arches fajones of the headboard that extend into the blind sides that run through the walls.
This part begins with an arch of triple thread and half a point, turned the same as the rest on nacelle imposts, which extend to the lake walls and apse and serves as a start to the vaults. In this and ortho-fajon, of identical configuration, a rectangular section extends, on whose sides open square chapels that originate a cruise that is entered by covers of six brick threads. They are almost square in plan, covered by arched vaults.
Follow the straight section of the cruise another subdivided in turn in two by a folded fajón. The walls are reinforced with blind arcades. The curvature of the apse begins with a triple-threaded arch.
To the outside the head is ordered with apse according to models cuellaranos. Two floors of blind arches in the straight section and three in the curvature, which generate a polygon with eleven sides. Those of the straight section are separated by sardinel edges and imposts. The entire head rests on a base of masonry and mirror, which in turn is made on a strong calicanto foundation.
On the chapel on the south side rises a body that was accessed by a door, today outside hanging on a wall, and on the north side of the tower, calicanto in the lower part and brick in the upper.
The four fronts of the belfry show two windows on the first floor, another two on the second floor with axes and bounded by the alfiz and four on the third also with the alfiz. The first body of the second separates a band of brick in corner and this third of a frieze of bricks to sardinel.
Text taken from the publication of JOSÉ ANTONIO RUIZ HERNANDO titled THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE BRICK IN THE PROVINCE OF SEGOVIA XII AND XIII CENTURIES
San Boal Monastery of Caciello de Pinar
Located in the Province of Segovia, not far from Cuellar, this priory is perhaps the most important that for centuries was ruled by the monks of San Isidro de Dueñas. According to the Benedictine authors, its origin dates back to great antiquity. It is one of many monasteries that flourished before the fall of Spain into the hands of the Muslims, who destroyed it and never regained a new life until the territory was reconquered by the Christians:
"The monastery of San Baudulo is what we now call San Boal del Pinar, which is very old, and we do not know the beginning of its foundation." P. Yepes, Chronicle of the Order of San Benito, oc, volume IV, fol. 206 v.
The chronicler Argáiz specifies more the terms and does it before the agarena invasion:
"I also have Monastery of the Goths time and that ended for now, that of San Boal del Pinar, because they do not know their principles. It is next to the town of Cuéllar. "Argáiz: Soledad Laureada, Madrid, 1.675, volume I, fol. 305, v., Col. 2
There is also a story that relates Samboal to a battle that the Christians won against the Muslims for the command of the Medina del Campo square. Ossorio historian notes that according to documentation collected in the same San Boal monastery, by the year 736 four caudillos of Medina del Campo, were responsible for releasing that place, concluding the skirmishes 20 May day with a resounding victory over the agarenos . That is why the neighbors of Medina del Campo decided to go in procession to San Boal, a monastery dedicated to San Baudilio, which celebrates May's 20
Martyr of Christian faith who suffered martyrdom in the city of Nimes in the time of Julian the Apostate. After he had distributed among the poor the patrimony that he had inherited from his parents; Euberto, his teacher, the Bishop of Orleans, granted him the subdiaconate, entrusting him with the care of catechumens. Moved by ardent Christian zeal, he presented himself at a feast in which pagans sacrificed in Nimes and there preached the religion of Christ and made an exhortation to the reception of baptism. With brutal aggression, he was knocked down and his head cut off with an ax. The Christians buried him outside the city. Since ancient times he received widespread veneration of the faithful.
Your party is on the twentieth of May.
San Boal Foundation
The founding document, granted by Don Pedro Ansúrez in 1.112 places its jurisdiction in the hands of the monks of San Isidro de Dueñas. From him we select the main clauses:
"I, Count Pedro Ansúrez, together with my wife the Countess Doña Eilo, for fear of the flames of hell, for the horror of judgment and for the love of God, we give to God and to the Church of the Blessed Peter of Cluny and to the Church of San Isidoro Mártir, which church is located next to the castle called de Dueñas, between the rivers Pisuerga and Carrión: the Monastery of San Baudilio de Carracielo with its estates, with its terms and with its belongings, pine forests ... etc., begging them not to forget to pray for us. It pays ten thousand gold. " Ms. 720 from the BN De Madrid, doc. . 31
The writing of donation is made in the 1.150 era, year of Mr. 1.112, in Spain Doña Urraca, daughter of Alfonso VI; and D. Bernardo, Archbishop of Toledo, Pedro, Bishop of Palencia, and the Counts D. Pedro Ansúrez and his wife Doña Eilo, Counts of Monzón, as well as a large number of the most influential people in Castile.
In the nucleus of Narros de Cuéllar is the Parochial Church of Our Lady of the Conception of which it emphasizes the belfry in bulrush. To the north of the town is a hillock Mudéjar Romanesque hermitage of San Marcos that has an impressive wood paneling and an interesting mudéjar brick doorway, formed by a triple-threaded arch that ends in a frieze of corner in its upper part.
Hermitage of San Marcos:
It was built between the XII and XIII centuries, and its factory corresponds to the so-called Mudéjar Romanesque so characteristic in the Tierra de Pinares. Of its original construction it conserves two brick covers, as well as a magnificent Mudejar coffered ceiling.
It is a building of small dimensions, a single nave, flat head and two flared covers. The coffered ceiling is located at the head of the temple, and consists of a pair and knuckle cover with flat horns, decorated with geometric motifs.