Cabañas de Polendos is located 21,4 km from Segovia and is located in the region that is linked by the Pirón and Polendos rivers. The town combines the genuine essence of the Castilian towns with a natural setting of great beauty.
Regarding its history, in 1247 Cabannas (the ranches where cattle were sheared were called that way), to which the suffix of Polendos was added in allusion to the river that runs near the place, because in the Pascual Madoz's Geographical Dictionary from the mid-XNUMXth century is still mentioned as Cabañas. Arroyo Polendos means the stream where there are polendos or flour mills.
The constructions are simple, dominating the houses of a plant with tiles to the Segoviana and use of the roof as a box or warehouse. Regarding the natural environment, the juniper is one of the most interesting ecosystems where junipers and junipers are mixed with bushes of wild rose bushes, rose hips and thorns. The fauna that we find are wild boars, genets, roe deer, foxes, etc. It is a growing area for cereals such as barley, rye, wheat or sunflower. The centennial ash grove extends to the edge of Polendos in the vicinity of the municipality. Agriculture and livestock continue to function in the municipality as the main source of employment.
The Pirón River and the Polendos stream cross the region from south to north, forming two small karst-type canyons of great interest for the beauty of the landscape and for its botanical and fauna wealth, where the remains of old cereal mills abound. In sharp contrast to this natural environment, there are cultivated fields and forest patches of holm oaks, oaks and junipers. For these reasons it is an ideal place for hiking and cycling.
What to see
Church of San Lorenzo Mártir
Located in Plaza de la Iglesia. It is from the XNUMXth century. Built in honor of the patron of the municipality. From the Romanesque period, it has a beautiful semicircular apse, but above all an exceptional portal due to the quality of its archivolts, its dogs and the two sculptures on the spandrels. Hoop flowers and rosettes inscribed in circles together with capitals representing human figures and varied vegetation are represented on the covers. It constitutes an outstanding example of the Romanesque of the Pirón and is the simplicity of the construction. Inside, the baroque altarpiece and a processional cross made in the last third of the XNUMXth century stand out.
Las Caravas Craft Complex
At present it is made up of about 12 artisan workshops. They open every first weekend of each month to the public to be visited. It can be visited and is free. This artisan center is an example of the recovery of popular architecture; the old stables have been converted into artisan workshops, preserving traditional crafts along with other innovative ones. The master craftsmen expose their work to the public and offer their products for sale. The complex is completed with a restored forge in Mata de Quintanar. We find very diverse workshops such as pottery and ceramics, wood, metal and forge, etc. This sustainable rural development project based on handicrafts has been launched since 2000.
They are divided into two parts: the Caravas I, are the workshops located around where the Rincón del Tuerto Pirón restaurant is located and the Caravas II, which is the complex of workshops located behind the church. The visits: they are free, they are not guided and free. Saturdays and Sundays first of the month. The work of the artisans is known through live demonstrations.
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The constructions are simple; dominating the dwellings of a plant, with tile to the segoviana and advantage of the cover like cija or warehouse. In many cases the latticework and the wooden beams and the old wall made of adobe or tapial are preserved, replaced in later moments by brick, in many cases embellished with sgraffito.
Architectural elements related to rural life are preserved, such as foal horses and an old cereal mill, which moved its molars with the energy of the Pirón river or the Polendos stream. In Mata de Quintanar there is a centenary forge, which is currently converted into a forge workshop.
Remains of the hermitage of Agejas
The depopulated Agejas, is located on the right bank, on the outskirts of the municipality. There the remains of the Agejas hermitage remain, whose construction could date between the s. XII and XIII.
The juniper is one of the most interesting ecosystems, highlighting the one that extends between Peñarrubias and Parral de Villovela. In juniper junipers and junipers are mixed with thick bushes of wild rosebushes, rose hips and thorns.
The denarian oak forest that surrounds the farmhouse of Quintanar and that extends along the road that goes from La Higuera to Cabañas de Polendos. The holm oaks alternate with junipers, junipers, wild rose bushes, rose hips, sloes, honeysuckle, rockrose, chamois and hawthorns, and a unique and abundant fauna finds refuge: wild boar, genet, roe deer, fox and black kite, among others.
The fields of cultivation in wide spaces and with gentle slopes where barley, rye, wheat or sunflower grow. The riverside vegetation that extends following the course of the Pirón River and the Polendos stream and where undoubtedly the centennial ash grove that extends along the Polendos in the vicinity of the municipality stands out.
What to do
Bicycle route through the Polendos and San Medel streams
The areas through which these two streams run are a good example of the landscape formed by fluvial erosion in the limestone areas bordering the Sierra Segovia. Both are short and variable flow, but of great scenic beauty and both are born in the mountains, in the vicinity of Torrecaballeros. The Polendos stream empties into the Pirón River and the San Medel flows into the Eresma. This excursion will allow us to know charming villages and natural landscapes of high ecological and landscape value, such as the mixed forest of junipers, junipers, oaks and gall oaks in the vicinity of Quintanar or the centuries-old fresneda of Cabañas de Polendos.
Canyons of the rivers Viejo and Pirón
Tour of great interest, since in this small space is represented much of the flora and fauna of Segovia. Area of special importance for the study of our history, since here there are also remains of human settlements since prehistoric times, such as the La Vaquera or La Mora caves, pre-Roman forts and a Roman Villa in Torreiglesias.
Green Handicraft Route
It is a guided route through the crafts of Cabañas de Polendos. It is a rural and tourist development project based on handicrafts that was launched in 2000, called the Caravas artisan complex. The existence of these artisan workshops favors this route that runs through the three population centers such as Cabañas de Polendos, Mata de Quintanar and Pinillos de Polendos. Old stables have been restored to house artisan workshops. It currently has 11 workshops in Cabañas de Polendos, where master craftsmen carry out their work and exhibit for sale. We must add a rehabilitated forge in Mata de Quintanar. Free guided tours of the workshops of approximately 1 hour and a half are offered where you can learn about the work of the artisans through their explanations and live demonstrations. We find very diverse workshops such as pottery and ceramics, wood, metal and wrought iron, glass, textiles, etc. It takes place on Saturdays and Sundays at the beginning of the month at 12:00 hours.
The project embodies a line of sustainable rural development based on: craftsmanship, quality rural tourism, restaurants with a careful gastronomy, in short, those activities that respect the environment encourage an increase in economic activity and population.
Torreiglesias Route - Polendos Cabins
Description: this itinerary will take us to know part of the old Camino Real from Turégano to Segovia. The route begins and ends in Torreiglesias. Its length is 22 km and it lasts 4 hours and 30 minutes. The interest of the route is historical-cultural, natural and scenic. The recommended time to do it is any time of the year. The difficulty is medium, there are steep slopes in some sections. The ecosystem that we find is sabinar, gall oak, holm oak, riverside vegetation, ash grove and crops. The geological formations that we find are karst canyon and mesa reliefs. The type of road is in good condition in the municipality of Torreiglesias and a little marked path in the municipality of Cabañas de Polendos. As for information of interest, we find the church of La Asunción (in Torreiglesias), the hermitage of Humilladero, the Camino Real Viejo, the Pirón river canyon, source, bridge, mill and village of Covatillas, hermitage of the Virgen de Agejas and the church of San Lorenzo.
El Zarzal recreational area
It is named by the residents of the town. In this area you can enjoy seeing large centenary ash trees and Verdegueras and some curious tree registered by the Junta de Castilla y León such as the ash tree called the house tree or the giant willow. It is located at the entrance of the town as you come from Mata de Quintanar and they have enabled a walk called the Paseo Verde which can be done on foot while contemplating the centenary ash trees.
Holidays and traditions
Cabañas de Polendos San Gregorio, on May 9. San Lorenzo, on August 10. San Roque, on August 16.
European Crafts Days
The first weekend of April, with demonstrations and activities open to the public in all craft workshops. Spring Market the last weekend of May; rake with traditional utensils and old things.
In charge of the restaurant El Rincón del Tuerto Pirón on the last Sunday in September, with traditional music and a tasting of the famous Cabañas chickpea.
Seed exchange market
It takes place in mid-September; market dedicated to farmers, selling market produce, artisan beers and cheeses, and pumpkin and zucchini competitions.
Feast of Saint Caravo
It is celebrated the day before the feast of All Saints. It is a celebration that is related to crafts, with tasting of migas and night visits to the workshops.
Pedestrian race "Between Vineyards"
It is the first weekend of November.
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