The Comarca del Pirón and del Polendos is located northeast of the city of Segovia and includes eighteen towns belonging to seven municipalities: Cabañas de Polendos, with its annexes, Mata de Quintanar and Caserío de Quintanar;
Espirdo, with La Higuera and Tizneros; Escobar de Polendos, with Pinillos de Polendos, Peñarrubias de Pirón, Villovela de Pirón and Parral de Villovela; Torreiglesias, with Losana de Pirón and Otones de Benjumea; Pelayos del Arroyo, with Tenzuela; Adrada de Pirón and Santo Domingo de Pirón. The Pirón river and the Polendos stream cross the region from south to north, forming two small karstic canyons of great interest for the beauty of the landscape and for its botanical and faunal richness, where the remains of old cereal mills abound. In stark contrast to this natural environment, crop fields and patches of oak, oak and juniper forests appear. For these reasons it is an ideal place for hiking and bicycle touring. Most of the population centers of the region are located next to the courses of the Pirón or the Polendos and in low areas protected from the winds. We can follow the passage of centuries from the Neolithic remains of the cave of La Vaquera, dating back to the year 4000 BC to the pre-Roman and Roman settlements of Torreiglesias or the Visigothic necropolis of Espirdo, but it is from the Reconquest and repopulation when they begin to build some of its most interesting attractions and artistic value: churches and Romanesque hermitages of the s. XII and XIII that still conserve their magnificent covers. Almost all these small towns are already mentioned in a document of the Cathedral of Segovia dated in the year 1247 and the tithes paid to the Bishopric, generally very modest, make us think of few neighbors dedicated to agriculture and livestock. These occupations continue to this day, linked to other types of activities, such as handicrafts or rural tourism, which enrich and diversify life in rural areas.
Cabañas de Polendos combines the genuine essence of the Castilian villages with a natural beauty.
The constructions are simple; dominating the dwellings of a plant, with tile to the segoviana and advantage of the cover like cija or warehouse. In many cases the latticework and the wooden beams and the old wall made of adobe or tapial are preserved, replaced in later moments by brick, in many cases embellished with sgraffito.
Architectural elements related to rural life are preserved, such as foal horses and an old cereal mill, which moved its molars with the energy of the Pirón river or the Polendos stream. In Mata de Quintanar there is a centenary forge, which is currently converted into a forge workshop.
Church of San Lorenzo and depopulated of Agejas
We can highlight the Romanesque church of San Lorenzo, construction of the s. XIII, built in honor of the patron of the municipality; which constitutes an outstanding sample of the so-called Romanesque del Pirón. These are churches and hermitages scattered throughout the region of Pirón, dated between the s. XII and XIII.
The main characteristic of this segovian rural Romanesque is the simplicity of the construction, highlighting the magnificent covers where the hoop flowers and the rosettes inscribed in circles are represented, together with capitals representing human figures and very varied vegetation.
Another of the attractions of the town, are the ruined walls of the depopulated of Agejas, which is on the right bank, on the outskirts of the municipality. There remain the remains of the hermitage of Agejas, whose construction could be dated between the s. XII and XIII.
The juniper is one of the most interesting ecosystems, highlighting the one that extends between Peñarrubias and Parral de Villovela. In juniper junipers and junipers are mixed with thick bushes of wild rosebushes, rose hips and thorns.
The denarian oak forest that surrounds the farmhouse of Quintanar and that extends along the road that goes from La Higuera to Cabañas de Polendos. The holm oaks alternate with junipers, junipers, wild rose bushes, rose hips, sloes, honeysuckle, rockrose, chamois and hawthorns, and a unique and abundant fauna finds refuge: wild boar, genet, roe deer, fox and black kite, among others.
The fields of culture in wide spaces and of smooth slopes where the barley grows, the rye, the wheat or the sunflower.
The riparian vegetation that extends following the course of the Pirón River and the Polendos stream and where the centennial fresneda that extends to the margin of the Polendos in the environs of the municipality stands out without a doubt.
Bicycle route through the streams
Polendos and San Medel
The areas through which these two streams run are a good example of the landscape formed by fluvial erosion in the limestone areas bordering the Sierra Segovia. Both are short and variable flow, but of great scenic beauty and both are born in the mountains, in the vicinity of Torrecaballeros. The Polendos stream empties into the Pirón River and the San Medel flows into the Eresma. This excursion will allow us to know charming villages and natural landscapes of high ecological and landscape value, such as the mixed forest of junipers, junipers, oaks and gall oaks in the vicinity of Quintanar or the centuries-old fresneda of Cabañas de Polendos.
Access: By private vehicle, from Segovia, by the N-110 road, taking the detour to Espirdo.
Canyons of the rivers Viejo and Pirón
Tour of great interest, since in this small space is represented much of the flora and fauna of Segovia. Area of special importance for the study of our history, since here there are also remains of human settlements since prehistoric times, such as the La Vaquera or La Mora caves, pre-Roman forts and a Roman Villa in Torreiglesias.
Hits: By private vehicle, from Segovia, by the N-110 road, in Torrecaballeros. It can also be accessed from Losana de Pirón.
Cabañas de Polendos
- San Gregorio, the 9 of May.
- San Lorenzo, the 10 of August.
- San Roque, the 16 of August.
Mata de Quintanar
- Santa Águeda, the 5 of February.
- San Antonio de Pádua, the 13 of June.
- San Roque, the 16 of August.
Cabañas de Polendos
- European Handicrafts Days the first weekend of April, with demonstrations and activities open to the public in all craft workshops. Spring Market on the last weekend of May; Rake with traditional utensils and old things.
- Traditional Garbanzada in charge of the El Rincón del Tuerto Pirón restaurant on the last Sunday of September, with traditional music and tasting of the famous Cabañas chickpea.
- Seed exchange market in mid-September; market dedicated to farmers, selling gardeners, beers and artisanal cheeses and pumpkin and zucchini contests.
- Fiesta de San Caravo the day before the Feast of All Saints. It is a celebration that is related to the crafts, with tasting of crumbs and night visits to the workshops.
- Live music concerts every Saturday night by the multipurpose corral La Oveja Negra from October to May.
- Pedestrian race "Entre Viñedos" the first weekend of November.
Fame deserved have the fried eggs with chorizo and the stew, with chickpeas of the earth, white, small and of excellent quality, that are cooked slowly with chicken meat, choto, bacon, chorizo, ham ...
Poultry chicken in pepitoria, pickled or grilled quail, cod, grilled meats, organic veal. Dishes that vary in each season accompanied by homemade desserts, such as custards, cheesecake or florets, which satisfy the most demanding palates.
Polendos Cabins and the Green Crafts Project
The project embodies a line of sustainable rural development based on: craftsmanship, quality rural tourism, restaurants with a careful gastronomy, in short, those activities that respect the environment encourage an increase in economic activity and population.
- The artisan center "Las Caravas", in Cabañas de Polendos, is an example of recovery of popular architecture: the old stables have been converted into craft workshops, which preserve traditional crafts along with other innovators. Author's design, production and marketing, always with a high level of quality and at unbeatable prices.
- The forge of Mata de Quintanar, rehabilitated, has also recovered its function, being now a forge workshop. In Pinillos de Polendos there is a workshop of crystal carving, which produces a variety of surprising objects for its good taste.
The existence of these workshops also promotes a Green Handicraft Route, which runs through the three population centers: Mata de Quintanar, Polendos Cabins and Polendos Pinillos.
"The artisan in his workshop"
What do we offer?
- Free guided tours through all the workshops with an approximate duration of an hour and a half where we will have the possibility of knowing the work of the artisans through their explanations and live demonstrations.
- Saturdays and Sundays at the beginning of the month at twelve in the morning.
- In the Tourist Information Office.
- Plaza de las Caravas, s / n.
- Tourism of Cabins of Polendos