The origins of Martín Muñoz de las Posadas are attributed to Martín Muñoz, noble gentleman of Burgos, who at the end of the s. XI.
After participating with Rodríguez Díaz de Vivar "El Cid" helping King Alfonso VI in the reconquest of Toledo from the Arabs, he was awarded this settlement, with a history of Mozarabic and Berber population; This being the way to consolidate the recovered territories and show the King's gratitude towards his collaborators.
This town is located on the old Camino Real between Madrid and Valladolid, being a place to stop for rest; existing houses destined to the service of the lodging (inns).
He was part of the Sexmo de Posaderas, administrative groups, within the Community of the City and Land of Segovia; The main characteristic of the populations belonging to this Sexmo was the one to give service of yantar and inn. There are records of the existence of Sexmos from s. XIII.
Cardinal Diego de Espinosa y Arévalo is the most important character born in this Villa; among others he served: the position of President of the Royal Council of Castile and First Counselor of King Felipe II. During his time as ruler of the Court, at his request, the Prudent King granted his hometown the title of Villa, a weekly market on Mondays and an annual free trade fair in September for nine days (Royal Decree of the 7 of September of 1569 in the National Archive of Simancas).
In addition, they are part of his legacy in our Villa: the expansion of the parish church and the construction of the Renaissance palace with his name. The Natural heritage is added as it is included in the Natura 2000 Network LIC ES4160111 and ZEPA ES0000188 Valles del Voltoya and Zorita.
Church of Our Lady of the Assumption I
Church resulting from the evolution of an old construction from the s. XI, located in the northern part of the semi-porticoed square of the Villa, brings together a set of different architectural styles, the transept and head part being the last one built, its authorship is attributed to Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón. It has a Latin cross plan in a single nave, highlights the vault of the transept and polygonal head; several are the chapels inside the nave. Three doors allow us access, also samples from three different times.
In addition to its different architectural styles, it contains relevant works of art. In the Main Chapel is the sculpture of the Cardinal, made by Pompeio Leoni; an altarpiece composed of predella, three bodies and three streets, plus attic and culmination, made according to the doctrines of the Francisco Giralte school at the end of the s. XVI. On the north wall of the nave, welcoming the visitor, is the pictorial work made by El Greco, called El Calvario. In the atrium and south wall of the nave, there are wall paintings from the s. XIII, discovered in the restoration works from 1980. Since the beginning of the s. XXI, the openings of its windows, contain stained glass forming an iconographic set designed and made by the Segovian glass artist Carlos Muñoz de Pablos.
Palace of Cardinal Espinosa
Palace located on one side of the Plaza Mayor; work completed in the 1572 year and attributed to Gaspar de Vega. Structured building on a rectangular floor plan with two towers at the ends that culminate in slate-style spiers in the style of the time. The façade stands out in its façade, highlighting the royal coat of arms of Philip II in a privileged place, accompanying him on his lower part, on both sides, the shield of Cardinal Espinosa.
Interior courtyard with a square floor and Renaissance style, gallery on the ground floor formed by: semicircular arches and Doric columns; the upper one is adintelada with banister of balusters and Ionic columns supported in footings and frieze ornamented with a series of tondos.
The communication between plants is done through an elegant staircase, formed by three sections and steps of a single piece. Its corners surprise the visitor, the questions follow each other trying to find the characters, who in the past lived in this emblematic palace. Plaza Mayor Neuralgic center of the life of the town, continuous place of passage and stay; Here, important fairs and markets have taken part. Place of meeting of its population for its social meetings; witness in all its times of the numerous expressions of gratitude expressed by its visitors, revealing its good reception.
Due to its wide extension, next to the 4.000 m2, it is ready to carry out different events: stopping vehicles, recording advertising spots, filming films, cultural folklore exhibitions, festivities ...
Associations of horse friends develop their annual concentrations. In memory of previous times, recreations of medieval and Renaissance markets are organized annually, with assistance from numerous artisans and agri-food products. It has a granite paved area, where dance groups find their ideal space to demonstrate their skills.
Naranjo Bridge and Irvienza Mill
Bridge of pointed arches built of brick and stone dating from the XNUMXth century over the Voltoya river. The flour mill was double wheel and had double wheel.
The environment of the Villa has places and exceptional corners for the practice of the walk, hiking and routes by bicycle or on horseback. It has in its municipal area areas of cereal crops, pine trees, trees, forests, and there are small lagoons and ponds. The channel of the Voltoya river crosses its southern zone, offering places of obligatory visit: chopera, medieval bridge with old hydraulic mill, zone of orchards ...
At present, the development of routes organized by the different existing cultural associations is frequent. We highlight some of the most attractive for the enjoyment of nature, having as a starting point the Plaza de la Villa and as a destination:
The bridge over the Voltoya River Next to the old mill. Starting the route from the municipal swimming pools, passing through the sites of El Salmoral, the slope of San Blas and La Dehesa. Fountain of the Blacksmith With route by the way of Soto happening through the pond of Herrero until concluding in its source, place located between pine groves, in past times used like laundry; currently enabled as a recreational park, with provision of children's entertainment areas and tracks for the practice of native games.
In its routes it passes through fields destined to the cultivation of vegetables, relevant activity in previous decades in the economy of its population, with great quality of its products contrasted by the markets of the nearby capitals.
Parties of the Aguederas Commemorated by its brotherhood formed by women, all dressed in their regional costumes celebrate their festivity with great enthusiasm and animation.
Carnival parties They are celebrated without interruption, from ancestral times and as main protagonists are the corresponding fifths, manifesting with maximum enthusiasm in these events.
Festivities in honor of the Virgin of Contempt As the patron saint of the Villa, they are the main festivals, coincide with Pentecost Easter and last for five days; its program includes bullfighting celebrations with encierros, dances, social and religious acts; the traditional procession with the Virgin stands out for several streets, many people participate dancing the Castilian jotas on the evening of their "Big Day".
Festivities in honor of Sta. María de la Cabeza It takes place the first weekend of the month of August, preceded by the Cultural Week, a set of cultural, social and religious events make up this festivity, ending on Sunday with the pilgrimage to his hermitage of Ntra. Sra. De las Torres, located in the horticultural area called "El Navego".
Apart from the products of the garden, we highlight the popular cuisine. There is a bakery with its oven, where you can roast extraordinary lambs raised with the grass of the fields that surround us; counting on pork slaughter products and traditional pastries.
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