The first historical data that we have concerning Sacramenia, belong to s. X, during the mandate in these lands of Count Asur Fernández (first Count of Monzón).
In the year 943 Asur Fernandez names this territory with the name of "Sacra-moenia" (sacred walls), to later adopt the current name of Sacramenia.
In 1085, with Alfonso VI, is when the Communities of Villa and Tierra are established for the best organization and defense of the conquered territories. This is how the Community of Villa and Tierra de Fuentidueña is created. These consist of a walled center, center of power and decision, which is the Villa, and of a surrounding territory that is the Earth, on which the Villa exercises its dominion. In this case, the power center where the castle was located was Fuentidueña and Sacramenia was part of the Earth. Nowadays, the same name of "Villa de Tierra y Fuentidueña" is maintained, which houses 21 municipalities, and is Sacramenia, the largest town in the community.
In Sacramenia it is necessary to suppose that there would be a great fief, hence a hermitage of great architectural value was built on the top of the mountain, and down at the foot of the mountain it would be where the plebeians lived. Sacramenia, later, during the invasion of the French at the beginning of the s. XIX, suffers several fires in his hermitage, that later will suffer numerous expolios.
This charming Segovian town located north of the region, has gained good reputation partly for its cuisine, but especially for its charm so personal. Its streets offer beautiful picturesque corners and some of its churches, seems to be surrounded by a halo of magical mystery, which arises from its impressive presence rescued from the Middle Ages. There are times when it seems that time has stopped and the trip through some places opens an invisible door to remote times.
Currently, more than four hundred residents live in the houses of this village, which preserves corners of a delicate beauty. A stroll down a narrow street where a colorful window of geraniums looks, a wooden door that seems to invite you in and hear some old legend, maybe a stone bench where you can rest for a while. Taking a walk through its natural landscapes you can find in the municipality a forest of gall oaks, one of the best preserved today. That if before the quejigares were frequent and prospered near many population centers, now there are few in Segovia.
Hermitage of San Miguel
The Romanesque hermitage declares an Asset of Cultural Interest of great architectural value, which survives on top of a promontory crowning the town. It has an upright apse, with the nave already sunk. In the head there are archaeological remains and a rock cemetery. It has several capitals of varied iconography, ranging from plant motifs to animal figures.
Church of San Martín de Tours
Church of Romanesque style, reduced to a main nave in the s. XVIII. Inside it stands out a baptismal font of the s. XIII, the Baroque pulpit, and the altarpiece of the same style, where you can see in the central part the image of the saint who gives the temple its name. Other images of interest are Santa Ana, San Isidro, San Antonio, La Inmaculada.
Church of Santa Marina
Romanesque church with masonry walls and ashlar masonry, consisting of a main nave and a side aisle. The headboard has a semicircular apse with a flared window of the s. XII. In its interior they emphasize the medieval paintings of the s. XV-XVI of the altarpiece. It presents several altars where some images are exhibited, like the one of the saint who gives its name to the temple. Stresses the image of Jesus Nazareno, which rests in a showcase of the side aisle. The baptismal font is from the s. XIII. It houses a processional silver cross, dating from the s. XVIII. True to the tradition of Segovia, it has an entrance with portico on one of its facades, preceded by a stone staircase.
Church of the Monastery of San Bernardo
The Monastery of Santa María la Real was built in the 16th century. XII, and belonged to the Cistercian order. What remains of the monumental and legendary building, is located two kilometers from Sacramenia, in the Coto de San Bernardo, on a private property. Today, these historical remains can only be visited with restricted hours, (on Wednesday from 10: 00 to 13: 00 hours). For some time now part of his legacy, cultural assets and even some complete stays, was sold and moved to the United States, as happened with other ancient temples or mutilated parts of them, as is the case of the church of San Martín of Fuentidueña.
The church was and is the most important element of the monastic complex that was here. It is a church of great dimensions, consisting of 3 ships, one main and two lateral, both covered by ribbed vaults the central and ogival lateral. The head of the church is available 5 semicircular apses, one main and two to both sides. Inside the main apse there is an altarpiece of great artistic value, highlighting its varied polychrome. Due to the very characteristic arrangement of these apses, which is rare in European Cistercian monasteries, it makes it unique; only one has been located in France with similar characteristics in its head. Due to its size, it is considered the 3ª largest church in the province, after the Cathedral and the church of Villacastín.
Hermitage of Santa Ana
It is located at the entrance of the town, next to the cemetery. Until a few years ago, it was the place where the image of Santa Ana, patron saint of Sacramenia, was kept throughout the year.
Cross of the Trinity
Its presence refers to the previous existence, right there, of a hermitage, which bore the same name. There is a lack of historical data referring to it.
ROUTES OF HIKING BY THE HOCES OF THE DURATÓN RIVER (SEPÚLVEDA)
A long river of 24 km, which can also be done by bicycle. It is an interesting route to do in the fall, when the canyon reaches a greater chromatic variety. We will find in the route the sources of "la Hontanilla", "Fuente Redonda" and "del Chorrillo".
"Senda de la Molinilla": It runs through reserve areas of the Natural Park of Las Hoces del Duratón, where you can access the caves "del Cura", "de la Parra", and "del Santero".
You can see the hermitage of San Julián, the window of the devil, the cave of "Las Brujas", until you reach the "7 Altares cave".
Route of the Romanesque Villages
It is a circuit where you can visit different hermitages and Romanesque churches. This route begins in Segovia, continuing with Torrecaballeros, Sotosalbos, Pedraza, Maderuelo, Sepúlveda, Sacramenia and Fuentidueña. Route of the Castles This circuit allows to discover the existence of different fortresses in the towns of Pedraza, Castilnovo County, Turégano, Peñafiel, Cuéllar and Coca. Once visited Turégano, on the way to Peñafiel, already in the province of Valladolid, the last town of Segovia to visit will be Sacramenia, previous stop in Fuentidueña to visit the ruins of its old castle.
Only 6 km from Sacramenia is Fuentidueña, where you can visit a Medieval Necropolis around the church of San Martín, now in ruins. Next to this archaeological site you can see the ruins of the entrance to the old wall of Fuentidueña.
Santa Ana is the patron saint of Sacramenia and her party is celebrated the 26 of July.
In Sacramenia, Santa Ana is very venerated by its neighbors and segovian Jotas are danced this day through the streets of the municipality.
Santa Águeda, San Bernardo, San Martín de Tours and Santa Marina are also celebrated.
The star dish of the cuisine of Sacramenia is the Asado Lechazo, accompanied by a salad from the garden. Here the baby lamb is marketed with the PGI (Protected Geographical Indication). It is characterized by having been exclusively fed with milk from its mother, which feeds on pastures in the area. It has the characteristic of not exceeding the 20 or 30 days of life, nor the 5,5 or 6,5 kg in channel. These three characteristics are what differentiate lamb from lamb.
The lamb is roasted in adobe structure ovens and oak firewood is used for fire. This is chopped in 4 rooms that are placed on the clay dishes, to which are added some very simple ingredients, water, salt and a little lard (optional). The baking process is slow and requires a detailed control that usually lasts approximately two and a half hours.
Once at the table, as starters to the roast suckling lamb, it is usually taken homemade black pudding and chorizo, and cheese, also made locally. The lamb of Sacramenia is accompanied by village bread and red wine from the wineries of Sacramenia and Valtiendas.
As a finishing touch to the meal, exquisite homemade desserts are consumed. Another variety to consume the lamb is in the form of chuletillas roasted on the grill, using the branches of the vines for fire (in this area they are known as mostelas). It is very typical to consume them for snacks, in the local wineries of the locality.