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Palazuelos de Eresma

Palazuelos de Eresma

Palazuelos de Eresma is a municipality that is located on the northern slope of the Sierra de Guadarrama. This Sierra is one of the three sectors in which the Central System can be divided in the province of Segovia.

The sector of the Sierra de Guadarrama, where Palazuelos is located, is formed by a series of parallel high blocks that leave narrow depressions between them. It is the birthplace of the Eresma River. The highest elevation in the area is the Peñalara peak (2.430m), which is separated from other minor elevations, such as La Atalaya (1.600m) and Cerro Matabueyes (1.485m), by the depressions traveled by the Valsaín and Cambrones rivers, which converge in the depression of La Granja.

The municipal term limits to the north with the terms of Trescasas and San Cristóbal (segregated of Palazuelos de Eresma in the year 1999); to the west with the term of Segovia; to the south with La Granja de San Ildefonso and to the east with the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Population units: In this municipality the populations of Palazuelos de Eresma, Tabanera del Monte, Robledo Park, Peñas del Erizo, Quitapesares and Carrascalejo are included.

History

It dates back to the time of the Roman Empire, proof of this is the discovery, in the year 1991, of a rustic Roman villa and Visigothic necropolis in the town of Palazuelos, between the road of the Church and the Tres Casas road, although it extends in all directions and, especially, under the Parish of Our Lady of the Assumption.

However, there are no documented data of its creation as a town. The historian Colmenares supposes that the foundation of this town was in the days of Abderramán I of Córdoba, who came against the city of Segovia destroying it and making its inhabitants flee, some of which, built in the mountains some rooms or palaces that Palazuelos called . What was called Palacios at the time of the Repopulation were usually loose pieces of the same house or even plots of little significance. In medieval times Palazuelos de Eresma was mentioned as Palaçuelos (first known mention: 1247), belonging to its surroundings a good number of villages of which only the name is preserved, such as Pellejeros, Rosales, San Bartolomé and Torrecilla. From the 18th century the second part of its name was added to Plazuelos de Eresma, making reference to the Eresma River.

In the sixteenth century, a family of Italian origin called Fabio, settled in Palazuelos, establishing a paper industry, which came to have great importance in the landscape of Spanish industry. The King Carlos II decreed that the paper that of this one left in the secretaries of the State was spent, with which took great impulse the manufacture.

Historical Characteristics:

Around the town is located the Venta de San Isidro, as well as several ranches or shearing houses, along with the Batán and the paper mill of the Marqués del Arco, which today is part of the well-known Whiskey DYC distilleries. The parish church is dedicated to the Virgin of Our Lady of the Assumption, and as is almost usual in many Segovian temples, it was originally Romanesque, although this architectural style only retains some vestiges in the blind windows of its tower or belfry that they are part of the current bell tower. It was extended in the late Gothic as can be seen in the vault of terceletes of the interior. It conserves the main altarpiece, it is baroque work, exceptionally made of wood in its color. It also has a good processional cross of late Gothic silver and a custody of the sun made in Segovia in the mid-eighteenth century. Also in the vicinity of the urban core we find the hermitage of San Antonio de Padua.

The constructions of the old Palace of the Fifth Pesares, shelter today on the one hand Institutions of health and culture, and a Palace of Congresses still in construction.

Folklore

The Paloteo

These dances are so old that their date has not yet been clarified, due to the scant information that we have been able to collect, both from the oldest of the town and from the ecclesiastical books, it can be deduced that the 1604 year was running when they were already done. Currently, they only take place in the nucleus of Tabanera del Monte.

From always they are interpreted in the procession of the Mass that in the Patron Saint Festivities is celebrated in Honor to the Patron Saint of Tabanera del Monte "San Juan". Like all the traditions, these dances have undergone small transformations, because what the adults tell us, formerly they always performed singing and not like now that they are based only on the music of the dulzaina. The Group of Dances today is integrated by 8 dancers, 1 dulzainero and "the fox", denomination that receives the person that distributes the palotes in case of breaks. To be part of this group and to be included among the Dancers, two requirements must be met: All of them must be single and Mozos de Tabanera del Monte. The suit used is the typical Segovian, adding a handkerchief knotted on the head at the height of the temple and which is the particular touch of the town that has been preserved generation after generation.

The wood that is used for the manufacture of the palotes is of Encina, for being the most Consistent and sonorous. In the past the spokes of the wheels of the cars were used, since they were very hard, but now they are not available and the few that remain are kept with real treasures.

The series of songs that are performed is not very large, since as mentioned above, only practiced in the procession of the festivities and only have been able to recompose 6 pieces, but yes, quite cheerful and fun, are characterized by the tone picaresque of them. It is certain that at some time a great number of songs was being danced, but since the only way to transmit it was among the local boys themselves and the scarce frequency with which they were performed, some of them were lost.

The titles and contents of the Dances that are interpreted are the following:

  • The reverence: Imitation of the national anthem, in which a reverence is made to the patron saint, San Juan, at the beginning of the procession through the streets of the town.
  • The Viudita: It is dedicated to a young widow, in which with a roguish tone and insinuating words, the waiters sing the need for a husband.
  • The Trades: It is a joyful dance, in which the dancers represent with the sticks the different trades that are made in the village during all the days of the year: The blacksmith, The Barber, The Cure, The Sacristan, ...
  • The Baker: As the title indicates it is sung to the Baker, when in the days of harvest the men returned with a good appetite saying "Stand up Panadera if you want to get up we come from the campiño we come to look for bread".
  • The Clavito: In this one, unlike the others, the dancers beat their clubs twice and not one like the others: It is also characterized by the roguish tone in which a very beautiful Young Moza is sung, saying the chorus like this: "Whoever was a clavito gold where you hang the lamp to see you undress and the morning to dress ".
  • The Rose: It is a delivery of flowers to San Juan, representing the Dancers a series of arcs with each other, striking the sticks with forcefulness on top imitating an arch with flowers ...

At present it seems that this tradition is deeply rooted among the waiters of the town (Tabanera del Monte) and all wait their turn to join the group of dancers, hopefully in the future continue playing the dulzaina and that unison of 16 sticks to the sound of it.

Traditions

The Greater Cacera

From time immemorial an artificial ditch brings water to the towns of our municipality. Already in 1400 there are documents that speak of the hunt, its uses and properties, its rules and distributions. This cacique was built by the inhabitants of the towns that are supplied with this water, and which are San Cristobal de Segovia, Tabanera de Monte, Palazuelos de Eresma, Sonsoto, Trescasas and La Lastrilla. It is the river Cambrones, a tributary of the Eresma river that is born in "fuente del Cambrones", in the port of Malangosto, who donates the water that the cacera distributes. This begins in the "dam mother", in the place called "La Grajera" and runs north, crossing the paths of Tejera and Maderuelo, the path of the Pedrazanos, the mill of Gamones and the royal glen. It arrives at "La Caseta" already in term of Tabanera del Monte, from where there is an impressive view of our towns as well as Segovia and its surroundings. In "La Caseta" there is an artisan work made in granite that distributes water in two: one leads the third part to Palazuelos and Tabanera and the other starts a branch with the rest of the water to the other populations.

It runs through Tabanera until you reach "Los Cepos", work done in granite and that is the one that distributes the water: 9 parts for Tabanera and 7 for Palazuelos, although from the part of Tabanera, the tradition marks that on Mondays the water is left of Agriones, which is the water that took the Agriones hunt towards a small village, that no longer exists, near Sonsoto.

This cacique has been governed by two representatives of each population forming the Noble Junta de Cabezuelas, which takes the name of the place where they met, Las Cabezuelas. This community distributed the 50 hunt in which 14 belong to San Cristóbal de Segovia, 8 to Sonsoto, 7 to Trescasas, 5 to La Lastrilla and the ones already mentioned from 7 to Palazuelos and 9 to Tabanera. With this proportion, conservation and administration expenses were distributed. Currently and with the same criteria governs the hut in its piped part the Association of Municipalities of "The Watchtower" from 1987 has as its sole purpose to improve the service of drinking water supply of the affected municipalities and neighborhoods. Undoubtedly the uses of the water of the cacera have varied and now the greater part is for the consumption and from 1990 this use comes accommodated by a system of pipes, is for it that the cleaning of the cacera, traditionally realized in the last Saturday of May it is falling little by little into oblivion, nor is the ecological channel respected and in the summer it even dries up.

All the last Saturdays of May, they met and they meet, but now in a lot less quantity, the neighbors of the towns to carry out the cleaning, always necessary, of the two corresponding fifths, the sum of these is the proportional part of the cacer with respect to the number of hits. It was a festive day where the neighbors were distributed one above, others below, in search of the cross and the half moon that are the marks that separate the fifths. When finding these symbols, they are highlighted with the hoe to record that this fifth has already been cleaned. It is significant the symbolism of the cross and the half moon, they say that it is a sign of coexistence between cultures and religions. The components of the Noble Board were responsible for cleaning the first fifth, which starts from the "mother dam". After work the neighbors gathered in the surroundings of Gamones to enjoy the food and participate in popular board games. The next day it was traditional for the Noble Board to review the work that the neighbors had done.

The cacera is the most important public work of our municipality. Thanks to the efforts of our ancestors, Palazuelos and Tabanera exist and that effort should not be forgotten. From the institutions, associations and neighbors we must revitalize that Saturday of May and celebrate the accomplishment of that work with its care and support, even to vindicate the ecological channel that lately is not respected. We must also reclaim on that day the coexistence and brotherhood between the peoples and relive that effort of people of different thoughts with a common and solidary purpose.

Natural environment:

Livestock roads

Livestock trails through Palazuelos de Eresma

During the winters, due to the cold and snow, the pastures of the North Peninsula were reduced remarkably, reason why the transhumant cattle was driven to the pastures of the south (Castile, Andalusia, Extremadura, Levante), where the temperature was softer , through the extensive network of cattle trails that crossed the Peninsula. The road back to the northern mountains was made during the summer. This network of livestock trails is about 125.000 Km in length and consists of several types of roads, differentiated by their width: Royal Cañadas (there are 9): 90 varas of width (75 m).

  • String: 45 rods (37'5 m).
  • Path: 25 rods (20 m).
  • Casting: variable width.

In addition to the cattle trails themselves, there were additional elements that completed and assisted this network of livestock roads. Some of them were:

  • Descansaderos: widening of the road where cattle could rest.
  • Drinking troughs
  • Mojones, to signal the route.
  • Bridges.
  • Accountants: narrowings of the road where cattle heads were counted.

A part of this extensive network of cattle trails runs through our municipality, being the main route the Cañada Real de las Merinas, also known as Cañada Real Soriana Occidental.

Cañada Real de las Merinas:

It runs through the municipality with a general sense of South to North. Its width is 90 rods, which is equivalent to 75,22 meters, and has a length within Palazuelos of approximately 5.000 meters. It goes into the municipality from the municipality of Revenga, where it is called Cañada Real Soriana. On its way it crosses the Ctra. CL-601 (from Segovia to La Granja), crosses the Eresma River by the Puente de la Merinas, past which we find the first of the two rest stops that exist in La Cañada as it passes through Palazuelos . It is the Descansadero of the Puente de las Merinas, of 180 varas by 180 extension rods. At the height of this resting place, the Cañada crosses with the Cordel of El Martinete a la Tejera. If we continue along the Cañada, we can see that it crosses the El Muerto stream and several roads before reaching the current road SG-6122-V (from Torrecaballeros to La Granja). Immediately after crossing this road, the second resting place, known as Descansadero de Gamones, is located, with the same extension as the previous one.

This place is the starting point of the Vereda del Descansadero de Gamones to the Descansadero del Puente de El Martinete, of which we will speak later. Continuing through the Cañada Real de las Merinas, we crossed the Acequia Mayor, the Camino de los Cambroñeros. Finally, the Cañada leaves Palazuelos to penetrate the Sonsoto district.

String of the Martinete a la Tejera:

It runs through the municipality with a general sense of West to East. Its width is 45 rods, which is equivalent to 37,61 meters, and has a length within the Palazuelos term of about 8.500 meters. This cattle track enters Palazuelos from the Segovia terminus, between the Ctra. To Segovia and the Eresma river, which it crosses through the El Martinete bridge.

After a few meters, the line crosses the water course for the old paper mill. Here we find a resting place that receives the name of the Descansadero of the Bridge of the Martinete (without a determined extension) and in which another livestock route dies, the Path of the Descansadero of Gamones to the Descansadero of the Bridge of the Martinete.

During much of its route, the line runs very close to the Eresma River, on its right bank. On his way he arrives at the Puente de Maderos, where he crosses the sidewalk of the Puerta de Hierro de Quitapesares to Puente Maderos and Cerca del Tranche. Further on, it crosses several streams until reaching the Descansadero del Puente de las Merinas, where it meets the Cañada Real. The line continues along the right bank of the Eresma River to the limit of the municipal area of ​​La Granja. From here, the road takes this line as the right margin. It arrives at the Ctra. SG-6121-P (from Torrecaballeros to La Granja), from where, and for a small distance, it enters the municipality of San Ildefonso, to re-enter the Palazuelos area by the so-called Rancho of the Maderuelo. It crosses the Acequia Mayor and reaches the Rancho de la Tejera. The Cordel ends at the confluence with the Arroyo de la Mina.

Sidewalk of the Puerta de Hierro de Quitapesares to Puente Maderos and Cerca del Tranche:

It runs through the municipality with a general sense of South to North. Its width is 25 rods, which is equivalent to 20,89 meters, and has a length within the Palazuelos term of about 4.500 meters. This trail has its beginning in the Cañada Real de las Merinas, more specifically in the Puerta de Hierro de Quitapesares. It runs through the sites Near the Bread and Pradejones. Further on, it approaches the Eresma River and crosses it through the Maderos Bridge and, next, it is crossed with the El Martinete line. Continue leaving El Mojón on the right and cross again with another cattle route, the Vereda del Descansadero de Gamones to the Descansadero of El Martinete Bridge. It crosses the Acequia de Palazuelos and the one that in its day was the border of Tabanera del Monte and the Camino de Tabanera to San Ildefonso. His tour of Palazuelos ends when he enters the Sonsoto district.

Verda del Descansadero de Gamones to the Descansadero del Puente de el Martinete:

It runs through the municipality with a general sense of East to West. Its width is 25 rods, which is equivalent to 20,89 meters, and has a length within the Palazuelos term of about 4.000 meters. This path part of the Gamones Rest of the Cañada Real and crosses the road SG-6121-P (from Torrecaballeros to La Granja). It runs parallel to the current ctra. to Palazuelos, crossing on its way the stream Primero and la Vereda de la Puerta de Hierro de Quitapesares to Puente Maderos and Cerca del Tranche. Further on, it runs through the interior of Palazuelos, crossing it through Calle Real, leaving the church tower and the cemetery on the left and the hermitage of San Antonio on the right. The Path arrives at the Acequia of the Paper Factory and ends at the Descansadero del Puente del Martinete.

The abandonment of the cattle activity has made these roads lose their original function, are underutilized and abandoned, suffering in many cases various aggressions, such as illegal occupations, transformation in roads, use as landfills, etc.

However, today we must fight to recover and maintain them, since they perform other functions:

  • Landscaping: the cattle trails have been part of our traditional landscape and are a symbol of ancestral ways of life. The conservation of our landscape goes through the conservation of these cattle roads.
  • Ecological: they are a very important contribution to biodiversity, because they have species of fauna and flora different from the crops and forests that surround them, and they help, like rivers, to connect ecologically, some areas with others. In addition, transhumance is an activity that favors the dispersal of the seeds of many plant species (this is what is known as "zoocoria").
  • Cultural: they are routes with a strong cultural and patrimonial load, since they are patrimonial elements such as bridges, resting places, cairns, fences, drinking troughs, etc.
  • Recreational: They are a very good guide to get into the landscape and get to know it up close, at the same time that it is possible to do physical exercise.

Hiking trails

Trekking

There are many hiking trails that the natural environment of Palazuelos de Eresma offers. These routes take us to wonderful places such as El Chorro or Las Calderas, as well as the Eresma River or the cattle trails that cross the municipality.

Green Path

The Green Path "Alto Eresma" is a path created with minimal impact on nature, which runs along the right bank of the Eresma River from the town center of Palazuelos de Eresma to the reservoir of the Pontón Alto Reservoir, which joins the pedestrian promenade parallel to the road of Segovia with the pedestrian walkway that surrounds the Embalse. This path allows the practice of various outdoor sports, such as hiking, jogging, mountain biking ...

Routes

Route to La Atalaya, El Mirador de Palazuelos.

Palazuelos - Gamones - Rancho de la Tejera - The Watchtower - Return

  • Estimated time: 6 hours
  • Difficulty: medium / high
  • Cumulative unevenness: + 550m -550m
  • Type of road: dirt track, trail and cross country.

The itinerary of ascent to the Atalaya, passes largely by a protected area of ​​the 2000 Natura Network, the ZEPA and LIC "Sierra de Guadarrama". Attractions: the natural values ​​of this area that make it worthy of protection; the different ecosystems present; human influence as a determining factor of these landscapes; the contrast between the mountain and piedmont landscapes;

The views from the Atalaya provide an extensive visual field of the southern region of the province.

Route along the Ribera del Eresma.

Palazuelos - Entreaguas area - Pontón Dam - Las Pasaderas Bridge - Power Plant - Valsaín Dam - unpaved road to the Pontón Dam - Puente del Martinete - Palazuelos

  • Estimated time: 6 hours
  • Difficulty: low.
  • Cumulative unevenness: + 70m -70m
  • Type of road: dirt track, path and meadow.

The itinerary along the river bank of the Eresma river reveals the main fluvial ecosystem of the environment.

Route of the Merinas of the Sierra.

Palazuelos - Pte. De las Merinas - Rancho de Santillana-Fuente de los Pájaros- Cruz de la Gallega - Valsaín - El Robledo - Presa del Pontón Alto - Palazuelos

  • Estimated time: 6 hours
  • Difficulty: medium
  • Cumulative unevenness: + 450m -450m
  • Type of road: dirt track, trail and cross country.

The itinerary through Las Merinas de la Sierra runs through 3 of the 4 cattle trails that cross the municipality of Palazuelos de Eresma: a path, a string and the Cañada Real Soriana Occidental, which passes through this area as Cañada Real de the Merinas. The paths followed will be the routes used in the past for the development of transhumant livestock, perfect excuse to talk about traditional activities in the area and the threat of abandoning these activities, due to the change of lifestyles in rural areas , for the maintenance of these roads; the problems of his occupation; its natural values, as ecological corridors; cultural, as signs of traditional activities; and recreational, as places for walking and sports.

Route to the Boilers.

Palazuelos - Pontón Alto Reservoir - La Granja Cemetery - Rancho de la Tejera - Calderas 1ª-3ª - Calderas del Guindo, Enmedio and Negra - Return by Gamones.

  • Estimated time: 4 hours
  • Difficulty: medium
  • Cumulative unevenness: + 150m -150m
  • Type of road: dirt track, trail and cross country.

The itinerary through Las Calderas, like that of the Atalaya, runs for the most part through the ZEPA and LIC "Sierra de Guadarrama" and reaches Calderas, one of the natural areas with the greatest ecological and socio-cultural value of the south from the province.

Route of the Circunvalación del Pontón Alto.
  • Estimated time: 4 hours
  • Difficulty: low.
  • Cumulative unevenness: + 70m -70m
  • Type of road: dirt track, path and meadow.

This itinerary is designed for the participation of the elderly and disabled, as it runs through flat areas and without major obstacles in the field.

Route to the Boilers - Chorro Chico - Chorro - Grande.

Cemetery of San Ildefonso - Rancho de la Tejera - Las Calderas - Arrollo del chorro Chico and take the Camino de la Pedrona - Chorro Chico - Chorro Grande - Go down to the Seo de Urgel de San Ildefonso and return to the San Ildefonso Cemetery.

  • Estimated time: 6 hours
  • Difficulty: Medium
  • Length of the route (estimated total time): 17 km approx. (6 hours approx.)
  • Slope: + 350 my -350 m approx.
  • Accumulated rise: 430 m approx.
  • Cumulative drop: 430 m approx.

Curiosities: The falls of the Grande streams (60 to 80 m in two jumps) and Chico (almost 30 m) by the bare and polished surface of the stone. The pools (Calderas) that the Cambrones River, born in Malangosto, form at the foot of the Atalaya peak. Type of road: dirt track, trail and cross country.

Dyc Distilleries

The visit to the DYC Distilleries offers the opportunity to explore the culture, tradition and history of whiskey. They are framed in a natural environment, surrounded by mountains and valleys and where nature is present throughout the site, turning the visit into something different and eliminating the feeling of being in an industrial space.

The DYC Distilleries offer visitors a guided tour where they can appreciate the process of making whiskey, ranging from the transformation of natural raw materials (barley, corn and water), through the process of malting barley (soaking, germination and toasting), the phases of grinding, saccharification and fermentation, going through the distillate in the large stills to finish in the cellars and see how it ages in barrels. It is an experience for all the senses, since they will be able to appreciate the texture of the grain before germinating, the smell of the toasting of the malt, assist the transformation of the grain into liquid amber and taste the fruit of the whole process, the whiskey, through a commented tasting.

Visiting hours:
  • Private visitor: from Monday to Saturday at 12: 00 h. (For a visit to be made there must be a minimum of 5 people).
  • Groups: reservation of visit in the 921 449 250 or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
  • Sundays and holidays: closed (except groups, upon prior consultation)

Easter, August and Christmas: closed.

Es required book the visit previously.

Rates:
  • Individual ticket: 8 €
  • Reduced admission: 6 € (students up to 25 years, retired people, people with disabilities and groups of more than 10 people).

You can book your visit or buy your tickets at the ticket office of the DYC facilities (tel: 921 449 250 or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) or through the Tourism Reservations Center of Segovia (tel: 921 46 67 21 or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).

Caravan Parking Area

The municipality has a parking area for caravans in C / Cañada.

The area has a children's playground, outdoor swimming pool, football and soccer fields 7, tennis courts, etc.

Very close to the area you can find bars and restaurants, supermarkets, shops, banks, etc.

  • How to reach the Municipality: http://bit.ly/1iqlBhr
  • Street map: http://bit.ly/1qkL9h1

Natural environment:

They cross the municipality the Rio Eresma and the Cambrones River, leave areas for bathing (boilers of the cambrones), the practice of canoeing of wild and calm waters in the river Eresma, and a beautiful waterfall - El Chorro - to visit in a beautiful hiking trail. National Park of the Sierra de Guadarrama. The Sierra de Guadarrama is part of the Central System, a long mountain range, of 500 kilometers in length, which crosses from east to west the center of the Iberian Peninsula. The conditions of the Sierra, more fresh and humid than the plateaus, and its lesser transformation by human activity, have turned these mountains into a privileged refuge of biodiversity. In its physical environment, its cirques and glacial lagoons and its granite rocks stand out; Among its vegetal landscapes, the high mountain ecosystems and the extensive pine forests of Siberian pine.

Sport

La Faisanera Golf Club
  • Road CL601 SEGOVIA-SAN ILDEFONSO KM.7
  • 40194, PALAZUELOS DE ERESMA, SEGOVIA
  • 921474212

La Faisanera Golf is a newly built course in the incomparable setting of the Sierra de Guadarrama Natural Park. It is located in Quinta Real de Quitapesares (end of Palazuelos de Eresma), on the road between La Granja de San Ildefonso and Segovia (km 7). Less than an hour from Madrid and with the incomparable bottom to play of Peñalara peak.

Designed by José María Olazábal, it has 18 holes, being an 71 pair in a 6471 linear meters and 60700 square meters. Being a valid route for both the amateur amateur and the competition. In addition to being completed with a driving range.

The golf club is part of the business, technology, residential and leisure complex "Segovia 21"; that also foresees the early opening of the Clubhouse of the Golf Course through the reconstruction of the Hunting Pavilion "La Faisanera", building that occupies a surface of 3.000 m2. It will be equipped with Restaurant, Cafeteria, Social Halls, gym, club room, etc.

More information: http://www.segovia21.es

Canoeing

Entreaguas area.

It is located on the right bank of the River Eresma as it passes through the neighborhood of Palazuelos de Eresma, about 2 Km from the urban center where the 1º stream ends, and the Gap Station of the Douro Hydrographic Confederation is located.

This area is used for the Practice of Canoeing in White Water in the slalom and descent modalities.

Swamp area of ​​the Pontón Alto.

The Pantano del Pontón Alto allows us to practice various water sports. This area is used for canoeing on the track or in calm waters.

For more information you can check the website of the municipality PALAZUELOS DE ERESMA

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