Otero de Herreros encloses in its toponymic meaning the keys that define the place. The origins of metallurgy are lost in the mists of time and in the Iron Age, and practiced by the Celtic peoples of the Peninsula, whose perfection was known by the Romans.
The original name of Otero de Herreros was Ferreros (iron in Latin), the old town whose ruins still rise in a deviation of the road to Valdeprados and that was abandoned towards the end of the XV century (1460-1480), locating the new town in a high or hill. You can see the wrecked and destroyed wall of what was once the Romanesque church of San Pedro, marking in its surroundings the remains of houses and foundations that were visited and served as inn to the Archpriest of Hita, as it says the Book of Good Love.
The people enclose the scattered traces of memory, of History. Notably, the mines that were exploited by the Rome of Augustus, in what is known as the "Cerro de los Almadenes" Arabic term meaning "Hill of the Mines". At the beginning of the 70, a study was made on the Cerro de los Almadenes, it was concluded that the numerous fragments of scorificado brick that was found, came from the inner lining of the kilns. A grinding table was also found, in which the ore was previously prepared, crushing it, before being melted in the ovens. This crushing system dates back to the Bronze Age, and in Roman times is used, above all, to grind the gold ore. It is worth highlighting the aretina pottery, which was found while these works were being made that made the wall of the mine, corresponding to the imperial era.
What to see
Hermitage of the Virgin of Ladrada
The crosses cross the town and end on a mound with three crosses together, that crown the Sanctuary, in a parallelism of the Crucifixion, called "The Calvary of the Virgin". Its Latin cross plant extends its arms over a meadow of underground fountains. The interior is of a single nave, whose walls are articulated with arcades, highlighting its peculiar geometric ornaments in its intrados with a beautiful invoice, as well as the headboard with a very good ogive vault finish.
Hermitage of San Roque (BIC)
It is located on a hill overlooking the road. It is a temple of small dimensions also known as the Humilladero and the True Cross, whose works were directed by the stonemason Juan de Gogorza, in 1583, under the invocation of the saint protector of the poor and sick. It is made of masonry, with granite blocks in the corners, highlighting the facade, also carved in ashlar masonry, with its two semicircular arches that constitute the entrance to the site. Once inside, the paintings completely cover its walls, except for the part of the altar. On the left side, the different scenes of the Passion of Christ are narrated.
Parish Church of the Holy Martyrs Justo and Pastor
Renaissance style, for the purity in the layout of its lines dates from the late sixteenth century. It worked many good stonemasons related to the Cathedral of Segovia, with ribbed vault and Latin cross plant, highlights the magnificent altarpiece of the seventeenth century that presides over the high altar and its beautiful images, being also important other side altarpieces, with polychrome carvings, its processional crosses, as well as its imposing organ. The plateresque doorway with granite staircase is very beautiful, as well as a vault located under the grandstand or choir. It is not strange that the tower served to monitor the enemy in past contests given its height and the views it provides of the entire region.
Festivities of the Corpus
Santos Martires Justo y Pastor, 6 of August
Fiesta de Santiago Apóstol, celebrated in the neighborhood of La Estación, 25 in July
Pilgrimage of the Virgin of the Adrada, Day of the waters, in spring
Christmas parties at Christmas
Santa Águeda, February