Mozoncillo, a small town in the province of Segovia where the Pirón River irrigates its lands. Its name could come from the existence of a small mound or "hillock" located to the north of the town.
Its name does not refer to any place name, gentilicio (pinoneros, mozoncillenses or mozoncillanos) or activity developed by its inhabitants. There are some theories (it is important to highlight the fact that none of them is documented, but all of them are mere theories) that try to explain the origin of the municipality.
- The name of Mozoncillo could come, according to some scholars, from the existence of a small mound or "mound" located to the north of the population, which was inhabited in the past. The name would have been transformed as this nucleus of population located in the mound increased, although it subsequently declined.
- For other scholars, the name of Mozoncillo comes from the word "morón" (derived from the Basque "muru" meaning lots). The Basques were part of the Reconquista, so the Basque term would have been Castilianized, starting from the existence of the nucleus of population settled on a mound or elevated place.
- There is no shortage of scholars who claim that the inhabitants of Monzón (municipality of the province of Palencia, now known as Monzón de Campos) were the ones who repopulated this Segovian land during the Reconquest, and with a longing for its origins, called Mozoncillo to its new location.
- Others affirm that they were the inhabitants of Monzón (pertaining to the province of Huesca) those that repopulated these earth, which also is a feasible theory, since the King of Aragon Alfonso I the Battler had between its dominions the present province of Segovia.
What to see
Hermitage of the Virgin of Rodelga
The Hermitage of the Virgin of Rodelga dates from the 13th century. For its origin we go back to the time when the Arabs invaded the Iberian Peninsula, when the frightened Christians decided to hide the religious images in places that were difficult to avoid being desecrated. To this historical situation would respond the fact that the inhabitants of Mozoncillo took the image of the Virgin outside the church to keep it safe. The place they were supposed to chose to hide it was the place known as "Rodelga", specifically in "El Pocillo".
In the thirteenth century, once the Reconquest was over, it is coincidentally believed that a shepherd or a farmer who broke his land found the image.
The hermitage, does not respond to a unique architectural style, has a single nave, a choir and an altar. Practically in the middle of the nave there is an ogival arch. The ceiling is laid to ceiling due to being initially coffered (wood). The baroque altarpiece of the 18th century is a piece that clearly indicates its dating, given that the year is 1717. In the center, stands out, surrounded by an arch, the Virgin that is the one that the brothers and faithful take out in procession on the day of the Feast. On your left we see another image, smaller, known as "The Little One", which according to popular tradition, would be the image that was found in the field dating from before the thirteenth century. Stresses the picture of the Holy Trinity of the second half of the fourteenth century.
The large image, dating from the fourteenth century, Gothic style, carved in polychrome wood. The smallest is later, since it dates from the sixteenth century, and would correspond to the images that were made in this century to be dressed.
Church of San Juan Bautista
It was built between the 12th and 13th centuries. It consists of three naves and is supported by four large Gothic-ogival arches with a reformed Mudejar ceiling. The vault of the presbytery is a half dome. The main altar dates from the 18th century and has in its center an image of San Juan Bautista. It has a valuable processional cross from the 15th century in Baroque and Plateresque style. The façade belongs to the sixteenth century with a wide porch and supported by cylindrical stone columns. To the north side, joined to the church, stands the tower with its large bells of Romanesque structure quadrangular topped by a capital of the eighteenth century.
Hermitage of San Roque
There is no record of its construction date, but it is known that it was completely restored at the end of the 18th century. It has an altarpiece of three bodies of baroque style, with an image of the saint in the center and other images on the sides. The pulpit is made of stone built at the beginning of the 17th century on an iron railing. The ceiling is coffered with a Mudejar structure, Castilian style.
Ermita del Humilladero
It is the most modern and smallest of the hermitages of the town. Its construction dates from the 18th century. Both its exterior and the interior are very simple. It has a small altar with the representation of the Holy Christ of the Column.
Festivities in honor of Our Lady of the Assumption and San Roque, from 14 to 17 in August.
Pilgrimage of Rodelga: Tuesday before the Sunday of Pentecost.
Pilgrimage of Rodelguilla: last weekend of September.