Ortigosa del Monte is located at the foot of the Segovian slope of the Sierra de Guadarrama.
It is a mountain town located between Madrid and Segovia, about 20 km from Segovia. As for the origin of the name, in 1247 it was called Ortigosiella, which would be a small village. In the XNUMXth century it already had its current name. It must have been populated by Riojans from Ortigosa de Cameros (in La Rioja).
The City Council pays the “Montaraz census” to the parish of El Espinar established by a woman from Espinar who donated an extensive farm in the “El Berrocal” area to Ortigosa in the XNUMXth century, with the condition that the municipality pay a fee every year. amount in cereals, for the benefit of the Espinar widows.
There is also a legend about La Mujer Muerta, which is the mountain range that Ortigosa del Monte has. The legend arises from the love affairs between a slender young woman and two shepherds. Hercules pursued the murderer of the Dead Woman with his sling, he used monumental and enormous songs (which are the ones in the Berrocal area) to make the murderous pretender of his beloved flee. There were two shepherds with their flocks who noticed the beautiful girl, but she decided on Hercules. They both met and had beautiful times of love. Jealousy reached the other pastor who had been despised by her and thought: "not for me, not for anyone," and one night he killed her with a stab in the side. When Hercules saw such a disgrace the next morning, he drew his sling and went to find the criminal who had killed her. He found him with his herd and began to throw stones that hit him in the back, making him stagger. Hercules later went to found Segovia and the Dead Woman remains in a supine position; calling the head Cerro de la Pinareja, the belly Cerro del Oso and the high feet of Pasapán, where four coteras meet. These enormous songs remain today in the place called El Berrocal.
What to see
Church of San Julián
It has remains from the Romanesque period. It was the XNUMXth century that left the greatest mark on the building. Located next to the Plaza del Ayuntamiento.
It is of civil architecture. Located between Calle Real and Calle Presa. It was an old shearing ranch and wool laundry from the 12th century framed by a large emblazoned doorway which has a coat of arms of the family to which it belonged. Their cloths were imported to Europe. It had an enclosure for cattle, fish markets, warehouses, an oratory, rooms for the owners and a meadow to dry the wool. Up to XNUMX works came to occupy the shearing.
Located 2 or 3 km from the town center approximately. It is the most beautiful place in the municipality. It has been protected since 2006 by the Segovia Territorial Planning guidelines and its surroundings as a place of Geological Interest. It is characterized by the presence of numerous granite bowls and by their sizes. It has livestock use. We find beautiful views and numerous plant species such as oak, ash and holm oak. Some songs are in the shape of menhir or dolmen, which are called rocks because of their size and the largest are called: Peña Campanario, Cama la Hare, Matarrubias, Peña el Gato and Peña Redonda. There is one of enormous size and it is very difficult to move it. There is also a hill in that area called Cerro de la Cachiporra.
The wide gorge that borders the Dead Woman is called the gorge of "la Vera de la Sierra" or better known as the Cañada Real Soriana Occidental, which was the passage of transhumance.
Patron saint festivities in honor of the Virgen del Rosario: held in mid-August. There are activities for children, adults, festivals, etc.
Local holiday: January 7 is San Julián, patron saint of Ortigosa del Monte.
To consult information on tourist services click here: http://segoviaturismo.es/servicios-turisticos