A geophysical study of the subsoil in the castro of La Peña del Moro, located in the Segovian town of Navas de Oro, has revealed up to "five large areas of intense human activity" of prehistoric populations settled there more than 3.500 years ago.
In this month of August, the III campaign of archaeological excavations is being carried out in this castro, a site of “great importance” for the knowledge of the way of life of prehistoric populations settled in the northwest of the province of Segovia ago Three and a half millennia.
The work in progress continues to reveal the complexity of this archaeological site located at the bottom of the valley of the Eresma River, where to date it has been possible to determine the existence of an overlapping of prehistoric settlements, the first dating back to the Bronze Age (1500 before of Christ) and the second during the First Iron Age (850 BC).
«The peculiarity of this castro, and that makes it unique, is the verification of a sequence of homes and different storage structures overlapping each other, and also belonging to two different cultures, which will eventually allow us to define the way in which these cultures evolve, acculturate or are assimilated by new influences that come from areas far from the northern plateau ”, explains the project director, Raúl Martín Vela, who indicates that this is the debate that exists today and in which La Peña del Moro stands as a "fundamental" piece to bring "light" to the "void of existing information."
The team that makes up this research project, and which is endorsed by the Prehistory Professor of the University of Valladolid Germán Delibes de Castro, draws on archaeologists from different Spanish universities.
"These types of projects are very interesting not only because of research, but also because they revitalize the rural environment," archaeologists Daniel Pérez Legido and Aitor Labajo Román also explain, who have joined the project, and added that the use of new technologies at the site, such as 3D photogrammetry and modeling, become "excellent" tools to bring archeological heritage closer to the people of the villages.
One of the novelties of this year has been the realization of a geophysical study of the subsoil of the deposit by magnetometry, which has allowed to determine the exact location of different areas occupied by these cultures in the entire upper platform of the castro.
"The study has revealed up to five large areas where the magnetometric signal indicates intense human activity, the meaning of which we will define in future archaeological campaigns," explains Segovian archaeologist Martín Vela.