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The dolmen of Santa Inés, first funeral structure excavated in Segovia

The dolmen of Santa Inés, first funeral structure excavated in Segovia

The president of the Diputación, Miguel Ángel de Vicente, has met, by the archaeologists who work in the dolmen of Santa Inés de Bernardos, the advances in the excavations of this funerary structure; the first to be excavated in the province of Segovia. Vicente, who shared a visit with the students of the CRA El Pizarral de Bernardos, witnessed the latest movements that the team of professionals and volunteers led by Raúl Martín Vela, from Eresma Arqueológica, is making in the area in this 2019, before that the subsequent analysis works in the laboratory begin, during which progress can be made in the details of the archaeological remains detected. Among these, the professionals who have worked this summer in the excavations, highlights the identification of engravings in one of the orthostats - the vertical slabs that delimit the burial chamber -, as well as the discovery of ceramic remains from times after the Neolithic period in which the Santa Inés dolmen is dated.

"Having found these remains, which could come from the Chalcolithic, the Bronze and the Iron, may mean that this funerary monument was later reused, amortized at later times," archaeologists said, adding that what would have been, in principle, a place of collective burial, would have assumed, within the entire shell of the dolmen, a use to make some individual burial. In addition, the dolmen identified in the area may not be the only one, as explained by Raúl Martín Vela, recently the territorial archaeologist of the Board, Luciano Municio, has indicated the possibility of a dolmens field in this area.

As concluded so farSanta's dolmen Inés is a corridor grave which has a peristyle of approximately 30 meters in diameter and a burial chamber that exceeds three meters. It is built with slate slabs, as well as its armor, which act as a buttress to the vault that had the funeral chamber, and belongs to the Neolithic period, around the year 3.500 BC This fact invites us to think about the possibility of finding in the vicinity of some village of that time, in which the first work of agriculture and livestock was carried out and the hunting was stopped.