The route that we describe is unique and will allow you to discover a fascinating era of our history, which runs through some of the best historical and artistic collections of our province, discovering authentic heritage and natural treasures.
Our road starts in the city of Segovia and runs through Aguilafuente, the fortified Episcopal village of Turégano, County of Castilnovo, the imposing medieval village of Sepúlveda, the ruins of Our Lady of the Angels in the Natural Park of the Hoces del río Duratón, the monumental town of Cuéllar and concludes in Coca, whose castle was, along with those of Salses and La Mota de Medina del Campo, one of the most sophisticated of its time.
Join us and discover the hidden treasures that the road will bring you.
The relationship of Queen Isabella I of Castile, with the territory of the province of Segovia due to several events:
- He received the rents of Cuellar as his father's inheritance.
- In 1462 on the occasion of the birth of Princess Juana de Trastámara, she was transferred with her brother Alonso from Arévalo, to the court of the royal palace of San Martín in the capital.
- The Fonseca, gentlemen of the town of Coca, were promoters of matrimonial strategies for the infanta.
- Bishop Arias Dávila, from his Turégano castle, executed the ban on marriages due to his family proximity from the false bull that he dispensed to Isabel and Fernando.
- The loyalty of the council of Sepúlveda to the princes Isabel and Fernando was essential in the struggle of Isabel, for the defense of her rights as heiress of the kingdom of Castile.
- The walls of the Alcazar and the streets of the city were an exceptional witness of the reconciliation with his stepbrother Enrique IV in 1471.
- During the war of succession, the Duke of Alburquerque Don Beltrán de la Cueva, who made Cuellar the capital of his states, played a fundamental role.
- In the final part of his life he spent the summer and autumn of 1503, setting his court between the royal pavilions of the Jeronimo monastery of El Parral, pantheon of his enemy Don Juan de Pacheco, Marquis of Villena, and the Dominican convent of the Holy Cross.
- He chose San Antonio el Real as a place for burial if it were not possible to do so in Granada.
Notwithstanding the most outstanding event of this intense relationship between Isabel I and Segovia, the 13 of December of 1474 takes place, in which she was proclaimed Queen of the Crown of Castile, in the atrium of the old church of San Miguel.
Our first stop is in Aguilafuente, where the Synodal written there, highlights this town with golden letters in the history of Spanish culture. The promoter of what was the first printed book in Spain was Bishop Arias Dávila.
Queen Isabel left her mark on Aguilafuente, with her passage through the town, in May of 1483 on her way to Burgos. During the years of his reign have been documented signed by Queen Elizabeth whose protagonist is Aguilafuente.
In October 1505 Fernando, already a widower, moved from Segovia to Aguilafuente because in the Alcázar "the walls heard", settling in the town for several days with his secretary and sending from here several letters referring to the affairs of Aragon. Coinciding with the March 12 of October, was signed by its representatives and those of Louis XII of France, the Second Treaty of Blois, which among other issues, agreed to his marriage with Germana de Foix.
If you want to visit the same places as the Queen you can visit the Church of Santa María, of late Romanesque origin and very reformed during the 15th century, the church of San Juan Bautista, from the 12th century with substantial modifications until the 16th century, today's archaeological classroom. Neighboring site of the Roman Villa of Santa Lucia.
We continue following the wake of Queen Elizabeth, on the way to Turégano, Segovian episcopal village par excellence, donated in the 12th century by Queen Doña Urraca to Pedro de Agen, the first bishop of the restored Diocese of Segovia.
In Turégano the figure of Juan Arias Dávila stands out, a good example of the social promotion that many families of converts arrived in Segovia during the reigns of Enrique IV and the Catholic Monarchs. Supporter of Henry IV, changed sides in favor of Alfonso, and then Isabel, for having ordered the king arrest, imprison and requisition the property to his brother Pedro. Both took refuge in the castle of Turégano.
The 4 of January of 1469, was the place where he was entrusted to execute at the request of Archbishop Carrillo, the false apostolic dispensation that exempted Isabel and Fernando from the canonical impediment to get married for being second cousins.
In the castle Fernando was also staying for three days waiting to be received by his wife Isabel after her proclamation as Queen of Castile, the December 13 of 1474 in Segovia. Finally the 2 meeting took place in January of 1475, at which time they negotiated the powers of each of the monarchs that were collected in the Concordia of Segovia.
Castle of Villafranca in Castilnovo County
This fortress that appears on our route was the occasional residence of the Catholic Monarchs in some of their trips from Segovia to Burgos.
Fernando, maintained before marrying Isabel, relations with Aldonza Roig de Iborre and Alemani, Catalan nobleman of Cervera, who dressed as a man to accompany him in their hunts, and who had two sons: Alfonso, future Archbishop of Zaragoza and Viceroy in Aragon; and Juana, for whom the king bought this castle and the adjacent territory. Juana de Aragón accompanied 1507 to her half sister, Queen Juana I, in the castle of Arcos, where she kept the coffin of her late husband. She was the second wife of Don Bernardino Fernández de Velasco y Mendoza, Count of Haro and Condestable de Castilla. From this marriage would be born Juliana Ángela de Velasco y Aragón, who already widowed obtained from her uncle Felipe II the title of Countess of Castilnovo, integrating the terms of La Nava, Torrecilla and Valdesaz. The current appearance of the castle is due to the restoration and renovation carried out by José de Galofre, painter and secretary of Isabel II, who acquired it in the 15th century. XIX, and the Marquises of Quintanar, their owners in the s. XX.
Sepúlveda is a fundamental stop on our route due to its historical importance during the reign of Isabel de Castilla. Within its patrimony they emphasize the rest of their medieval fortifications (doors and walls) and their Romanesque churches.
Sepúlveda was affected in a direct way during the war maintained between the supporters of Enrique IV, and those of his stepbrother Alfonso. This fight continued later between the supporters of Enrique IV and those of Isabel and Fernando.
The firm positioning of Sepulveda in their favor of Isabel and Fernando, caused in 1471 as a reprisal the donation by the King of Sepulveda and his land to the Marquis of Villena, whose troops were rejected in the village, putting the council again at the disposal of Isabel and Fernando and inviting them to move their court to the village. In 1472, Isabel and Fernando went to thank him for their loyalty, starting after this stay in Alcalá de Henares, to meet with Archbishop Carrillo.
Monastery of Our Lady of Los Angeles de La Hoz, Sebúlcor
A few kilometers away we discover the ruins of the Franciscan monastery of Our Lady of the Hoz, a place of exceptional beauty, nestled in the heart of the Natural Park of the Hoces del Duratón River, enjoying one of the most privileged locations of the provincial territory.
The monastery was founded by Franciscan monks in the thirteenth century, according to the tradition of a Paleochristian church dedicated to the Virgin and St. Pantaleon. In 1492, being in Aranda de Duero, Queen Isabel knew the news of its collapse during a horrible storm, saving only the church in which the entire community had gathered for the office of matins. Immediately donated money for reconstruction, so that their weapons appear very visible in the work.
The queen visited the monastery several times. Later he would go to venerate the Virgin Felipe II, promoter also of some reforms in the temple. The abandonment after the confiscation of Mendizábal in the 19th century caused its deterioration and progressive ruin. His objects of art and worship, were scattered, keeping the image of the Virgin in the church of San Justo de Sepulveda, and one of his altarpieces in the church of San Pedro de Gaillos, whose tables of s. XV has been identifying two praying characters with King Ferdinand and Queen Elizabeth.
Another important town on our way is Cuéllar, which was the head of the states of De la Cueva and the Dukes of Alburquerque. The origin of the dominion comes from a donation of Enrique IV to Don Beltrán de la Cueva, in which he delivered the town and land of Cuéllar in 1464, contravening the testament of Juan II that left his income, plus one million additional maravedíes per year , for the maintenance of his daughter Isabel, future Catholic queen. Beltrán de la Cueva always feared the claim of Cuellar by Isabel, when she moved with his brother to Segovia, so he fortified the castle by raising a barrier and demolishing the church of San Nicolás that was in front of the fortress.
During the confrontation of Isabel and Fernando with King Enrique for the succession to the throne, Don Beltrán was a supporter of the former, and his loyalty was rewarded with the confirmation of the states donated by Enrique IV, including Cuéllar, at 1476.
We ended up in the town of Coca, whose history is inextricably linked from the fifteenth century to the Fonseca family, lords of Coca and Alaejos. In the greater chapel of the church of Santa Maria they founded their pantheon, one of the best sets of the Castilian Renaissance, due to the same artists who made in the Royal Chapel of Granada the funerary monuments of the Catholic Monarchs and of Juana I together with Felipe El Hermoso: Domenico Fancelli and Bartolomé Ordóñez.
Alonso de Fonseca, archbishop of Seville, promoted at the time the frustrated link between Isabel and Pedro Girón, brother of the Marquis of Villena. In addition to this, there were other marriage suitors arranged by the court such as Carlos Príncipe de Viana, Alfonso V of Portugal, Edward IV of England, Ricardo de Gloucester, the Duke of Berry and Guyenne, brother of Louis XI of France.
Milestones of the Catholic Monarchs in Segovia
- Segovia Capital
- Royal Palace of San Martín. Stays during the minority of Isabel.
- Alcazar. Official acts of the court. The reconciliation of Enrique and Isabel. Fernando receives Christopher Columbus.
- Main Square. The proclamation of Queen Elizabeth.
- Santa Cruz. Torquemada. Stays of the Catholic Kings in the palatial rooms of the Convent of Santa Cruz. Iconography of the cover. Juan Guas.
- The Parral. Stays of the Catholic Monarchs in the palatial rooms of the monastery. The Pacheco pantheon.
- San Antonio el Real in Isabel's testament.
- Aguilafuente (Synodal, La Mesta, Treaty of Blois)
- 1472 Publication of the Synodal of Aguilafuente.
- 1486 Estancia de Isabel on the way to Madrid from Burgos.
- 1489, 92, 96, 97. General Councils of the Mesta.
- 1505 Stay of Fernando el Católico. The October 12, the day of his departure, signed the Treaty of Blois, among the topics discussed his marital commitment with Germana de Foix.
- Turégano (Episcopal lordship, Arias Dávila, Concordia of Segovia)
- The episcopal lordship of Segovia during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs.
- The Bishop Arias Dávila.
- Stay of Fernando before being received by Isabel after his proclamation. The Concord of Segovia.
- Castillo de Castilnovo (Extramarital Descent of Fernando)
- Creation of a stately state for Juana de Aragón, natural daughter of Fernando el Católico.
- Sepúlveda. (Anti-Jewish climate: Confrontation by the succession between Enrique and Isabel)
- 1468 Process for the crime of the Child of Sepúlveda. The Jewish quarter of Sepúlveda and the anti-Jewish climate in Castilla.
- 1472 Sepúlveda is positioned in favor of the princes. Stay of the princes to thank their resistance to Enrique's attacks. The successory conflicts at the end of the reign of Enrique IV.
- Sebúlcor (Convent of Our Lady of the Angels of the Sickle)
- Stay of Isabel. 1492 Isabel sent from Aranda to know that the convent had collapsed, its immediate reconstruction and is responsible for its financing.
- Cuéllar (Beltrán de la Cueva)
- The legacy of John II. The Infanta Isabel Señora de Cuéllar.
- Don Beltrán de la Cueva. The creation of a stately state at the end of the 15th century.
- Coca (Los Fonseca, custody of Queen Juana, marriage policy for Isabel, Pantheon)
- Castillo los Fonseca. The custody of Queen Juana de Avis. Don Antonio de Fonseca captain of the Catholic Kings.
- 1469 Reception in the castle of Cardinal Jean Juffroy, French commissioner on the way to Madrigal to arrange the wedding of Elizabeth and the Duke of Berry, brother of Louis XI. Enrique's marriage policy for Isabel.
- Pantheon of the Fonseca. By Fancelli and Bartolomé Ordóñez, authors of the sepulchres of the Catholic Monarchs and of Queen Juana and Felipe el Hermoso in the Royal Chapel of Granada.
- Martín Muñoz de las Posadas and El Espinar
- Stops or stays of the kings and Cristóbal Colón during one of his trips.