Here we show you a route through some of the segovian rioncones that are worth visiting.
In the West zone of Segovia we find Villacastín, a town with numerous coats of arms and an impressive Herrera church, with an interior no less surprising. In this area is El Espinar, which in its parish of San Eutropio has a meritorious altarpiece; it is a locality embraced by extensive pine forests and of cattle tradition. Martin Muñoz de las Posadas is very close, which stands out for its Renaissance ensemble, with an aristocratic Palace of Cardinal Espinosa and a parochial temple with very valuable details, among them, a "Calvario" by El Greco that, as an anecdotal detail, For years he was guarded in the barracks of the Civil Guard before the fear of repeated attempts to steal the paint.
Santa María Real de Nieva
Santa María la Real de Nieva, Villa founded by Catalina de Lancaster, boasts of its magnificent Dominican monastery founded to pay homage to the image of the Virgin of the Soterraña, found by a shepherd on lands where the convent was built, which has one of the best Spanish cloisters, with a collection of artistic capitals in whose images you can study trades and customs of the Middle Ages. From here you can go to Carbonero el Mayor, where the church of San Juan Bautista stands out for the wonderful altarpiece that occupies the main altar. There is also an interesting civil building, the Elizabethan Palace of the Seal, and in the vicinity of the town, the hermitage of the Virgen del Bustar, of considerable proportions and eminently popular style.
To finish the journey through the geography of Segovia, where there are many other valuable models of religious and civil architecture, we head towards Fuentepelayo, where we find the parish of Santa María la Mayor, which includes Romanesque architecture. as older, with later parts of the Mudejar and the Gothic; inside it keeps some very interesting works of art. The other parish church, that of El Salvador, also comes from a diverse set of styles. In the Plaza Mayor and its surroundings there are buildings that recall a very distant past in which this area of the place was inhabited by the richest families.
We are next to Cantalejo, a town that has, along with the capital of the province, the title of city, real granting of 1626. As outstanding religious constructions it has the church of San Andrés, neoclassical of the XVI and to three kilometers of the population, a Romanesque hermitage that was seat of the Knights of the Temple. It is an eminently industrial city of which we must highlight two singularities: its fame spread throughout Spain for the excellent trails that were manufactured there to be used in the eras and as a consequence of the racking up of cantaellas all over the country to sell livestock and their magnificent trillos, was born also a jargon denominated gacería, that these vendors used to communicate among themselves without giving option to the participant to understand very well what they were saying.
We moved from the city of Cantalejana to Fuentidueña, which was a powerful enclave in a historical past as the seat of a county and head of one of the Villa and Tierra communities. The whole of the population is very attractive and on it stand out, on a hill, the few remains of what was a castle; There are also some samples of the wall and a fairly well preserved door for access to the hamlet, in which the Romanesque church of San Miguel is embedded. Fuentidueña continues to feel the pain of the loss of the magnificent apse that the church of San Martín, today in ruins, had that was taken, in the fifties, to the Museum of New York.
We finish this tour in the nearby town of Sacramenia, which has several temples, including the Romanesque church of San Miguel; a short distance from the town center, in the so-called Coto de San Bernardo, the church and some other elements of what was a Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real, now privately owned, are preserved.
Other points with Heritage
As not only the monumental heritage must be considered, facing our visitors, here also in the province there are other places that offer certain attractions. It is the case, for example, of the locality of Prádena, in whose municipal term the Cave of The Enebralejos is located, an interesting set with beautiful stalactites and stalagmites. Also in Paradinas and in Aguilafuente, valuable samples of Roman mosaics are preserved; The Visigothic necropolis of Duraton is also very interesting, and there is another very close to the capital, in Madrona.
The Segovian Engraving
Within the monumental heritage of Segovia deserves to be highlighted a particularity that -although it is not exclusive to the province- is mainly cultivated in Segovia, although there are also relevant samples in some of our towns. It is the so-called graffiti, very old ornamentation of facades by means of a special plaster, which tends to have a very long duration and which also admits a multitude of shapes and decorative figures. Its long permanence is due to the hydraulic conditions of segovia lime, together with the low temperatures that usually occur here during the winter season, which perfectly preserve this artisan work that specialized workers perform on the facades. In recent years, this type of decoration of facades seems to have been somewhat forgotten, which is usually replaced by painting.